MCD12Q1.006 MODIS Land Cover Type Yearly Global 500m

MODIS/006/MCD12Q1
Dataset Availability
2001-01-01T00:00:00 - 2016-12-31T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
ee.ImageCollection("MODIS/006/MCD12Q1")
Tags
landcover modis mcd12q1 yearly usgs nasa

Description

The MCD12Q1 V6 product provides global land cover types at yearly intervals (2001-2016) derived from six different classification schemes. It is derived using supervised classifications of MODIS Terra and Aqua reflectance data. The supervised classifications then undergo additional post-processing that incorporate prior knowledge and ancillary information to further refine specific classes.

Bands

Resolution
500 meters

Bands

Name Units Min Max Description
LC_Type1

Land Cover Type 1: Annual International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) classification

LC_Type2

Land Cover Type 2: Annual University of Maryland (UMD) classification

LC_Type3

Land Cover Type 3: Annual Leaf Area Index (LAI) classification

LC_Type4

Land Cover Type 4: Annual BIOME-Biogeochemical Cycles (BGC) classification

LC_Type5

Land Cover Type 5: Annual Plant Functional Types classification

LC_Prop1_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS1 land cover layer confidence

LC_Prop2_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS2 land use layer confidence

LC_Prop3_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS3 surface hydrology layer confidence

LC_Prop1

FAO-Land Cover Classification System 1 (LCCS1) land cover layer

LC_Prop2

FAO-LCCS2 land use layer

LC_Prop3

FAO-LCCS3 surface hydrology layer

QC

Product quality flags

LW

Binary land (class 2) / water (class 1) mask derived from MOD44W

LC_Type1 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
2 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
3 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
4 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
5 009900 Mixed Forests: dominated by neither deciduous nor evergreen (40-60% of each) tree type (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 c6b044 Closed Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) >60% cover.
7 dcd159 Open Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) 10-60% cover.
8 dade48 Woody Savannas: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
9 fbff13 Savannas: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
10 b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m).
11 27ff87 Permanent Wetlands: permanently inundated lands with 30-60% water cover and >10% vegetated cover.
12 c24f44 Croplands: at least 60% of area is cultivated cropland.
13 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.
14 ff6d4c Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural tree, shrub, or herbaceous vegetation.
15 69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
16 f9ffa4 Barren: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) areas with less than 10% vegetation.
17 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.

LC_Type2 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
2 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
3 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
4 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
5 009900 Mixed Forests: dominated by neither deciduous nor evergreen (40-60% of each) tree type (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 c6b044 Closed Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) >60% cover.
7 dcd159 Open Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) 10-60% cover.
8 dade48 Woody Savannas: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
9 fbff13 Savannas: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
10 b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m).
11 27ff87 Permanent Wetlands: permanently inundated lands with 30-60% water cover and >10% vegetated cover.
12 c24f44 Croplands: at least 60% of area is cultivated cropland.
13 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.
14 ff6d4c Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural tree, shrub, or herbaceous vegetation.
15 f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow and ice with less than 10% vegetation.

LC_Type3 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) including cereal croplands.
2 dcd159 Shrublands: shrub (1-2m) cover >10%.
3 c24f44 Broadleaf Croplands: bominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) that are cultivated with broadleaf crops.
4 fbff13 Savannas: between 10-60% tree cover (>2m).
5 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
7 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
8 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
9 f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow and ice with less than 10% vegetation.
10 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.

LC_Type4 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Vegetation: dominated by evergreen conifer trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
2 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
3 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Vegetation: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
4 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
5 009900 Annual Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated broadleaf crops.
6 b6ff05 Annual Grass Vegetation: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) including cereal croplands.
7 f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
8 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.

LC_Type5 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Trees: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
2 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Trees: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
3 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Trees: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
4 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Trees: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
5 dcd159 Shrub: Shrub (1-2m) cover >10%.
6 b6ff05 Grass: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) that are not cultivated.
7 dade48 Cereal Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated cereal crops.
8 c24f44 Broadleaf Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated broadleaf crops.
9 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.
10 69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
11 f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) with less than 10% vegetation.

LC_Prop1 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
11 05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
12 086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
13 54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
14 78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
15 005a00 Mixed Broadleaf/Needleleaf Forests: co-dominated (40-60%) by broadleaf deciduous and evergreen needleleaf tree (>2m) types. Tree cover >60%.
16 009900 Mixed Broadleaf Evergreen/Deciduous Forests: co-dominated (40-60%) by broadleaf evergreen and deciduous tree (>2m) types. Tree cover >60%.
21 006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
22 00d000 Sparse Forests: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
31 b6ff05 Dense Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) at least 60% cover.
32 98d604 Sparse Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) 10-60% cover.
41 dcd159 Dense Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) >60% cover.
42 f1fb58 Shrubland/Grassland Mosaics: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) 10-60% cover with dense herbaceous annual understory.
43 fbee65 Sparse Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) 10-60% cover with minimal herbaceous understory.

LC_Prop2 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
9 a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% of area is made up ofimpervious surfaces including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.
10 003f00 Dense Forests: tree cover >60% (canopy >2m).
20 006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 10-60% (canopy >2m).
25 e3ff77 Forest/Cropland Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with >10% natural tree cover.
30 b6ff05 Natural Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 10% cover.
35 93ce04 Natural Herbaceous/Croplands Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural shrub or herbaceous vegetation.
36 77a703 Herbaceous Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cover. Cultivated fraction >60%.
40 dcd159 Shrublands: shrub cover >60% (1-2m).

LC_Prop3 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
10 003f00 Dense Forests: tree cover >60% (canopy >2m).
20 006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 10-60% (canopy >2m).
27 72834a Woody Wetlands: shrub and tree cover >10% (>1m). Permanently or seasonally inundated.
30 b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) >10% cover.
40 c6b044 Shrublands: shrub cover >60% (1-2m).
50 3aba73 Herbaceous Wetlands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) >10% cover. Permanently or seasonally inundated.
51 1e9db3 Tundra: tree cover <10%. Snow-covered for at least 8 months of the year.

QC Class Table

Value Color Description
0 Classified land: has a classification label and is land according to the water mask.
1 Unclassified land: not classified because of missing data but land according to the water mask, labeled as barren.
2 Classified water: has a classification label and is water according to the water mask.
3 Unclassified water: not classified because of missing data but water according to the water mask.
4 Classified sea ice: classified as snow/ice but water mask says it is water and less than 100m elevation, switched to water.
5 Misclassified water: classified as water but water mask says it is land, switched to secondary label.
6 Omitted snow/ice: land according to the water mask that was classified as something other than snow but with a maximum annual temperature below 1◦C, relabeled as snow/ice.
7 Misclassified snow/ice: land according to the water mask that was classified as snow but with a minimum annual temperature greater than 1◦C, relabeled as barren.
8 Backfilled label: missing label from stabilization, filled with the pre-stabilized result.
9 Forest type changed: climate-based change to forest class.

LW Class Table

Value Color Description
1 1c0dff Water
2 f9ffa4 Land

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

MODIS data and products acquired through the LP DAAC have no restrictions on subsequent use, sale, or redistribution.

Citations

Citations:

DOI(s)

Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('MODIS/006/MCD12Q1');
var igbpLandCover = dataset.select('LC_Type1');
var igbpLandCoverVis = {
  min: 1.0,
  max: 17.0,
  palette: [
    '05450a', '086a10', '54a708', '78d203', '009900', 'c6b044', 'dcd159',
    'dade48', 'fbff13', 'b6ff05', '27ff87', 'c24f44', 'a5a5a5', 'ff6d4c',
    '69fff8', 'f9ffa4', '1c0dff'
  ],
};
Map.setCenter(6.746, 46.529, 6);
Map.addLayer(igbpLandCover, igbpLandCoverVis, 'IGBP Land Cover');

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