Gantt Charts

Overview

A Gantt chart is a type of chart that illustrates the breakdown of a project into its component tasks. Google Gantt charts illustrate the start, end, and duration of tasks within a project, as well as any dependencies a task may have. Google Gantt charts are rendered in the browser using SVG. Like all Google charts, Gantt charts display tooltips when the user hovers over the data.

Note: The Gantt chart is in beta and may be undergoing substantial revisions in future Google Charts releases.

Note: Gantt Charts will not work in old versions of Internet Explorer. (IE8 and earlier versions don't support SVG, which Gantt Charts require.)

A simple example

<html>
<head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('current', {'packages':['gantt']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);

    function daysToMilliseconds(days) {
      return days * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000;
    }

    function drawChart() {

      var data = new google.visualization.DataTable();
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task ID');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task Name');
      data.addColumn('date', 'Start Date');
      data.addColumn('date', 'End Date');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Duration');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Percent Complete');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Dependencies');

      data.addRows([
        ['Research', 'Find sources',
         new Date(2015, 0, 1), new Date(2015, 0, 5), null,  100,  null],
        ['Write', 'Write paper',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 9), daysToMilliseconds(3), 25, 'Research,Outline'],
        ['Cite', 'Create bibliography',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 7), daysToMilliseconds(1), 20, 'Research'],
        ['Complete', 'Hand in paper',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 10), daysToMilliseconds(1), 0, 'Cite,Write'],
        ['Outline', 'Outline paper',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 6), daysToMilliseconds(1), 100, 'Research']
      ]);

      var options = {
        height: 275
      };

      var chart = new google.visualization.Gantt(document.getElementById('chart_div'));

      chart.draw(data, options);
    }
  </script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="chart_div"></div>
</body>
</html>

No dependencies

To create a Gantt chart that has no dependencies, make sure that the last value for each row in your DataTable is set to null.

<html>
<head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('current', {'packages':['gantt']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);

    function drawChart() {

      var data = new google.visualization.DataTable();
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task ID');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task Name');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Resource');
      data.addColumn('date', 'Start Date');
      data.addColumn('date', 'End Date');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Duration');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Percent Complete');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Dependencies');

      data.addRows([
        ['2014Spring', 'Spring 2014', 'spring',
         new Date(2014, 2, 22), new Date(2014, 5, 20), null, 100, null],
        ['2014Summer', 'Summer 2014', 'summer',
         new Date(2014, 5, 21), new Date(2014, 8, 20), null, 100, null],
        ['2014Autumn', 'Autumn 2014', 'autumn',
         new Date(2014, 8, 21), new Date(2014, 11, 20), null, 100, null],
        ['2014Winter', 'Winter 2014', 'winter',
         new Date(2014, 11, 21), new Date(2015, 2, 21), null, 100, null],
        ['2015Spring', 'Spring 2015', 'spring',
         new Date(2015, 2, 22), new Date(2015, 5, 20), null, 50, null],
        ['2015Summer', 'Summer 2015', 'summer',
         new Date(2015, 5, 21), new Date(2015, 8, 20), null, 0, null],
        ['2015Autumn', 'Autumn 2015', 'autumn',
         new Date(2015, 8, 21), new Date(2015, 11, 20), null, 0, null],
        ['2015Winter', 'Winter 2015', 'winter',
         new Date(2015, 11, 21), new Date(2016, 2, 21), null, 0, null],
        ['Football', 'Football Season', 'sports',
         new Date(2014, 8, 4), new Date(2015, 1, 1), null, 100, null],
        ['Baseball', 'Baseball Season', 'sports',
         new Date(2015, 2, 31), new Date(2015, 9, 20), null, 14, null],
        ['Basketball', 'Basketball Season', 'sports',
         new Date(2014, 9, 28), new Date(2015, 5, 20), null, 86, null],
        ['Hockey', 'Hockey Season', 'sports',
         new Date(2014, 9, 8), new Date(2015, 5, 21), null, 89, null]
      ]);

      var options = {
        height: 400,
        gantt: {
          trackHeight: 30
        }
      };

      var chart = new google.visualization.Gantt(document.getElementById('chart_div'));

      chart.draw(data, options);
    }
  </script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="chart_div"></div>
</body>
</html>

Grouping resources

Tasks that are similar in nature can be grouped together using resources. Add a column of type string to your data (after the Task ID and Task Name columns), and make sure any tasks that should be grouped into a resource have the same resource ID. Resources will be grouped by color.

<html>
<head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('current', {'packages':['gantt']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);

    function daysToMilliseconds(days) {
      return days * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000;
    }

    function drawChart() {

      var data = new google.visualization.DataTable();
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task ID');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Task Name');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Resource');
      data.addColumn('date', 'Start Date');
      data.addColumn('date', 'End Date');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Duration');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Percent Complete');
      data.addColumn('string', 'Dependencies');

      data.addRows([
        ['Research', 'Find sources', null,
         new Date(2015, 0, 1), new Date(2015, 0, 5), null,  100,  null],
        ['Write', 'Write paper', 'write',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 9), daysToMilliseconds(3), 25, 'Research,Outline'],
        ['Cite', 'Create bibliography', 'write',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 7), daysToMilliseconds(1), 20, 'Research'],
        ['Complete', 'Hand in paper', 'complete',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 10), daysToMilliseconds(1), 0, 'Cite,Write'],
        ['Outline', 'Outline paper', 'write',
         null, new Date(2015, 0, 6), daysToMilliseconds(1), 100, 'Research']
      ]);

      var options = {
        height: 275
      };

      var chart = new google.visualization.Gantt(document.getElementById('chart_div'));

      chart.draw(data, options);
    }
  </script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="chart_div"></div>
</body>
</html>

Computing start/end/duration

Gantt charts accept three values relating to the duration of the task: a start date, an end date, and a duration (in milliseconds). If, for example, there is no start date, the chart can calculate the missing time based on the end date and the duration. The same goes for calculating the end date. If both the start and end date are given, the duration can be calculated between the two.

See the below table for a list of how Gantt handles the presence of start, end, and duration in different circumstances.

Start End Duration Result
Present Present Present Check that duration is consistent with start/end times. Throws error if inconsistent.
Present Present Null Computes duration from start and end times.
Present Null Present Computes end time.
Present Null Null Throws error as unable to compute duration or end time.
Null Present Present Computes start time.
Null Null Present Computes start time based on dependencies. In conjunction with defaultStartDate, enables chart to be drawn using only durations.
Null Present Null Throws error as unable to calculate start time or duration.
Null Null Null Throws error as unable to calculate start time, end time, or duration.

With the above in mind, you can create a chart laying out a typical commute to work using only the duration of each task.

<html>
<head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('current', {'packages':['gantt']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);


    function toMilliseconds(minutes) {
      return minutes * 60 * 1000;
    }

    function drawChart() {

      var otherData = new google.visualization.DataTable();
      otherData.addColumn('string', 'Task ID');
      otherData.addColumn('string', 'Task Name');
      otherData.addColumn('string', 'Resource');
      otherData.addColumn('date', 'Start');
      otherData.addColumn('date', 'End');
      otherData.addColumn('number', 'Duration');
      otherData.addColumn('number', 'Percent Complete');
      otherData.addColumn('string', 'Dependencies');

      otherData.addRows([
        ['toTrain', 'Walk to train stop', 'walk', null, null, toMilliseconds(5), 100, null],
        ['music', 'Listen to music', 'music', null, null, toMilliseconds(70), 100, null],
        ['wait', 'Wait for train', 'wait', null, null, toMilliseconds(10), 100, 'toTrain'],
        ['train', 'Train ride', 'train', null, null, toMilliseconds(45), 75, 'wait'],
        ['toWork', 'Walk to work', 'walk', null, null, toMilliseconds(10), 0, 'train'],
        ['work', 'Sit down at desk', null, null, null, toMilliseconds(2), 0, 'toWork'],

      ]);

      var options = {
        height: 275,
        gantt: {
          defaultStartDateMillis: new Date(2015, 3, 28)
        }
      };

      var chart = new google.visualization.Gantt(document.getElementById('chart_div'));

      chart.draw(otherData, options);
    }
  </script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="chart_div"></div>
</body>
</html>

Critical path

The critical path in a Gantt chart is the path, or paths, that directly affect the finish date. The critical path in Google Gantt charts is colored red by default, and can be customized using the criticalPathStyle options. You can also turn off the critical path by setting criticalPathEnabled to false.

        var options = {
          height: 275,
          gantt: {
            criticalPathEnabled: true,
            criticalPathStyle: {
              stroke: '#e64a19',
              strokeWidth: 5
            }
          }
        };

Styling arrows

You can style the dependency arrows between tasks with the gantt.arrow options:

        var options = {
          height: 275,
          gantt: {
            criticalPathEnabled: false, // Critical path arrows will be the same as other arrows.
            arrow: {
              angle: 100,
              width: 5,
              color: 'green',
              radius: 0
            }
          }
        };

Styling tracks

Grid styling is handled by a combination of innerGridHorizLine, innerGridTrack, and innerGridDarkTrack. By setting only the innerGridTrack, the chart will calculate a darker color for the innerGridDarkTrack, but by setting only the innerGridDarkTrack, the innerGridTrack will use its default color and will not calculate a lighter color.

      var options = {
        height: 275,
        gantt: {
          criticalPathEnabled: false,
          innerGridHorizLine: {
            stroke: '#ffe0b2',
            strokeWidth: 2
          },
          innerGridTrack: {fill: '#fff3e0'},
          innerGridDarkTrack: {fill: '#ffcc80'}
        }
      };

Loading

The google.charts.load package name is "gantt".

  google.charts.load("current", {packages: ["gantt"]});

The visualization's class name is google.visualization.Gantt.

  var chart = new google.visualization.Gantt(container);

Data format

Rows: Each row in the table represents a task.

Columns:

  Column 0 Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
Purpose: Task ID Task Name Resource ID (optional) Start End Duration (in milliseconds) Percent Complete Dependencies
Data Type: string string string date date number number string
Role: domain data data data data data data data

 

Configuration options

Name Type Default Description
backgroundColor.fill

The chart fill color, as an HTML color string.

Type: string
Default: 'white'
gantt.arrow object null For Gantt Charts, gantt.arrow controls the various properties of the arrows connecting tasks.
gantt.arrow.angle number 45 The angle of the head of the arrow.
gantt.arrow.color string '#000' The color of the arrows.
gantt.arrow.length number 8 The length of the head of the arrow.
gantt.arrow.radius number 15 The radius for defining the curve of the arrow between two tasks.
gantt.arrow.spaceAfter number 4 The amount of whitespace between the head of an arrow and the task to which it points.
gantt.arrow.width number 1.4 The width of the arrows.
gantt.barCornerRadius number 2 The radius for defining the curve of a bar's corners.
gantt.barHeight number null The height of the bars for tasks.
gantt.criticalPathEnabled boolean true If true any arrows on the critical path will be styled differently.
gantt.criticalPathStyle object null An object containing the style for any critical path arrows.
gantt.criticalPathStyle.stroke string null The color of any critical path arrows.
gantt.criticalPathStyle.strokeWidth number 1.4 The thickness of any critical path arrows.
gantt.defaultStartDate date/number null If the start date cannot be computed from the values in the DataTable, the start date will be set to this. Accepts a date value (new Date(YYYY, M, D)) or a number, which is the number of milliseconds to use.
gantt.innerGridHorizLine object null Defines the style of the inner horizontal grid lines.
gantt.innerGridHorizLine.stroke string null The color of the inner horizontal grid lines.
gantt.innerGridHorizLine.strokeWidth number 1 The width of the inner horizontal grid lines.
gantt.innerGridTrack.fill string null The fill color of the inner grid track. If no innerGridDarkTrack.fill is specified, this will be applied to every grid track.
gantt.innerGridDarkTrack.fill string null The fill color of the alternate, dark inner grid track.
gantt.labelMaxWidth number 300 The maximum amount of space allowed for each task label.
gantt.labelStyle object null

An object containing the styles for task labels.

labelStyle: {
  fontName: Roboto2,
  fontSize: 14,
  color: '#757575'
},
      
gantt.percentEnabled boolean true Fills the task bar based on the percentage completed for the task.
gantt.percentStyle.fill string null The color of the percentage completed portion of a task bar.
gantt.shadowEnabled boolean true If set to true, draws a shadow under each task bar which has dependencies.
gantt.shadowColor string '#000' Defines the color of the shadows under any task bar which has dependencies.
gantt.shadowOffset number 1 Defines the offset, in pixels, of the shadows under any task bar which has dependencies.
gantt.trackHeight number null The height of the tracks.
height

Height of the chart, in pixels.

Type: number
Default: height of the containing element
width

Width of the chart, in pixels.

Type: number
Default: width of the containing element

Methods

Method Return Type Description
draw(data, options)

Draws the chart. The chart accepts further method calls only after the readyevent is fired. Extended description.

Return Type: none
getSelection()

Returns an array of the selected chart entities. Selectable entities are bars, legend entries and categories. For this chart, only one entity can be selected at any given moment. Extended description .

Return Type: Array of selection elements
setSelection()

Selects the specified chart entities. Cancels any previous selection. Selectable entities are bars, legend entries and categories. For this chart, only one entity can be selected at a time. Extended description .

Return Type: none
clearChart()

Clears the chart, and releases all of its allocated resources.

Return Type: none

Events

Method Return Type Description
click

Fired when the user clicks inside the chart. Can be used to identify when the title, data elements, legend entries, axes, gridlines, or labels are clicked.

Properties: targetID
error

Fired when an error occurs when attempting to render the chart.

Properties: id, message
ready

The chart is ready for external method calls. If you want to interact with the chart, and call methods after you draw it, you should set up a listener for this event before you call the draw method, and call them only after the event was fired.

Properties: none
select

Fired when the user clicks a visual entity. To learn what has been selected, call getSelection().

Properties: none

Data policy

All code and data are processed and rendered in the browser. No data is sent to any server.