YouTube

YouTube Data API: Python Code Samples

The following code samples, which use the Google APIs Client Library for Python, are available for the YouTube Data API. You can download these code samples from the python folder of the YouTube APIs code sample repository on GitHub.

  1. Post a channel bulletin (activities.insert)
  2. Upload a banner image and set as channel's banner (channelBanners.insert, channels.update)
  3. Add a channel section (channelSections.insert)
  4. Shuffle existing channel sections (channelSections.list, channelSections.update)
  5. Add a featured video (channels.update)
  6. Retrieve my uploads (playlistItems.list)
  7. Create a playlist (playlists.insert)
  8. Search by keyword (search.list)
  9. Search by topic (search.list)
  10. Add a channel subscription (subscriptions.insert)
  11. Upload a video thumbnail image (thumbnails.set)
  12. Upload a video (videos.insert)
  13. Rate (like) a video (videos.rate)
  14. Update a video (videos.update)

Post a channel bulletin

The code sample below calls the API's activities.insert method to post a bulletin to the channel associated with the request.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

# This method calls the API's youtube.activities.insert method to post the
# channel bulletin.
def post_bulletin(youtube, args):
  body = dict(
    snippet=dict(
      description=args.message
    )
  )

  if args.video_id:
    body["contentDetails"] = dict(
      bulletin=dict(
        resourceId=dict(
          kind="youtube#video",
          videoId=args.video_id
        )
      )
    )

  if args.playlist_id:
    body["contentDetails"] = dict(
      bulletin=dict(
        resourceId=dict(
          kind="youtube#playlist",
          playlistId=args.playlist_id
        )
      )
    )

  youtube.activities().insert(
    part=",".join(body.keys()),
    body=body
  ).execute()

if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--message", required=True,
    help="Text of message to post.")
  argparser.add_argument("--video-id",
    help="Optional ID of video to post.")
  argparser.add_argument("--playlist-id",
    help="Optional ID of playlist to post.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  # You can post a message with or without an accompanying video or playlist.
  # However, you can't post a video and a playlist at the same time.
  if args.video_id and args.playlist_id:
    exit("You cannot post a video and a playlist at the same time.")

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    post_bulletin(youtube, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "The bulletin was posted to your channel."

Upload a banner image and set as channel's banner

The code sample below calls the API's channelBanners.insert method to upload an image. With the returned URL, the sample calls channels.update method to update channel's banner to this image.

#!/usr/bin/python


# This sample sets a custom banner to user's channel by:
#
# 1. Uploading a banner image with "youtube.channelBanners.insert" method via resumable upload
# 2. Getting user's channel object with "youtube.channels.list" method and "mine" parameter
# 3. Updating channel's banner external URL with "youtube.channels.update" method
#
# @author Ibrahim Ulukaya

import httplib
import httplib2
import os
import random
import sys
import time

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from apiclient.http import MediaFileUpload
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# Explicitly tell the underlying HTTP transport library not to retry, since
# we are handling retry logic ourselves.
httplib2.RETRIES = 1

# Maximum number of times to retry before giving up.
MAX_RETRIES = 10

# Always retry when these exceptions are raised.
RETRIABLE_EXCEPTIONS = (httplib2.HttpLib2Error, IOError, httplib.NotConnected,
  httplib.IncompleteRead, httplib.ImproperConnectionState,
  httplib.CannotSendRequest, httplib.CannotSendHeader,
  httplib.ResponseNotReady, httplib.BadStatusLine)

# Always retry when an apiclient.errors.HttpError with one of these status
# codes is raised.
RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES = [500, 502, 503, 504]

# CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE, name of a file containing the OAuth 2.0 information for
# this application, including client_id and client_secret. You can acquire an
# ID/secret pair from the APIs & auth tab at
#   https://cloud.google.com/console
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access Google APIs, please visit:
#   https://developers.google.com/accounts/docs/OAuth2
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# An OAuth 2 access scope that allows for full read/write access.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# Helpful message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the APIs Console
https://cloud.google.com/console

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def upload_banner(youtube, image_file):
  insert_request = youtube.channelBanners().insert(
    media_body = MediaFileUpload(image_file, chunksize=-1, resumable=True)
  )

  image_url = resumable_upload(insert_request)
  set_banner(image_url)

def resumable_upload(insert_request):
  response = None
  error = None
  retry = 0
  while response is None:
    try:
      print "Uploading file..."
      status, response = insert_request.next_chunk()
      if 'url' in response:
        print "Banner was successfully uploaded to '%s'." % (
          response['url'])
      else:
        exit("The upload failed with an unexpected response: %s" % response)
    except HttpError, e:
      if e.resp.status in RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES:
        error = "A retriable HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status,
                                                             e.content)
      else:
        raise
    except RETRIABLE_EXCEPTIONS, e:
      error = "A retriable error occurred: %s" % e

    if error is not None:
      print error
      retry += 1
      if retry > MAX_RETRIES:
        exit("No longer attempting to retry.")

      max_sleep = 2 ** retry
      sleep_seconds = random.random() * max_sleep
      print "Sleeping %f seconds and then retrying..." % sleep_seconds
      time.sleep(sleep_seconds)

  return response['url']

def set_banner(banner_url):
  channels_response = youtube.channels().list(
    mine=True,
    part="brandingSettings"
  ).execute()

  if "brandingSettings" not in channels_response["items"][0]:
    channels_response["items"][0]["brandingSettings"]["image"]["bannerExternalUrl"] = []

  channel_brandingSettings = channels_response["items"][0]["brandingSettings"]

  channel_brandingSettings["image"]["bannerExternalUrl"] = banner_url

  channels_update_response = youtube.channels().update(
    part='brandingSettings',
    body=dict(
      brandingSettings=channel_brandingSettings,
      id = channels_response["items"][0]["id"]
    )).execute()

  banner_mobile_url = channels_update_response["brandingSettings"]["image"]["bannerMobileImageUrl"]
  print "Banner is set to '%s'." % (banner_mobile_url)

if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--file", required=True,
    help="Path to banner image file.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  if not os.path.exists(args.file):
    exit("Please specify a valid file using the --file= parameter.")

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    upload_banner(youtube, args.file)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "The custom banner was successfully uploaded."

Add a channel section

The code sample below calls the API's channelSections.insert method to create channel sections. The code accepts a number of command line arguments that let you specify the section's type, display style, title, position, and content.

This sample also updates the channel's brandingSettings.channel.showBrowseView property so that the channel displays content in a browse view (rather than a feed view). A channel's sections are only visible if the channel displays content in a browse view.

More information on channel sections is available in the YouTube Help Center.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import re
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets

CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

SECTION_TYPES = ("allPlaylists", "completedEvents", "likedPlaylists",
  "likes", "liveEvents", "multipleChannels", "multiplePlaylists",
  "popularUploads", "recentActivity", "recentPosts", "recentUploads",
  "singlePlaylist", "upcomingEvents",)
SECTION_STYLES = ("horizontalRow", "verticalList",)

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE, scope=YOUTUBE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def enable_browse_view(youtube):
  channels_list_response = youtube.channels().list(
    part="brandingSettings",
    mine=True
  ).execute()

  channel = channels_list_response["items"][0]
  channel["brandingSettings"]["channel"]["showBrowseView"] = True

  youtube.channels().update(
    part="brandingSettings",
    body=channel
  ).execute()

def add_channel_section(youtube, args):
  channels = None
  if args.channels:
    channels = re.split("\s*,\s*", args.channels)
  playlists = None
  if args.playlists:
    playlists = re.split("\s*,\s*", args.playlists)

  body = dict(
    snippet=dict(
      type=args.type,
      style=args.style,
      title=args.title,
      position=args.position
    ),
    contentDetails=dict(
      channels=channels,
      playlists=playlists
    )
  )

  youtube.channelSections().insert(
    part="snippet,contentDetails",
    body=body
  ).execute()

if __name__ == '__main__':
  argparser.add_argument("--type", choices=SECTION_TYPES, required=True,
    help="The type of the section to be added.")
  argparser.add_argument("--style", choices=SECTION_STYLES, required=True,
    help="The style of the section to be added.")
  argparser.add_argument("--title",
    help=("The title to display for the new section. This is only used "
          "with the multiplePlaylists or multipleChannels section types."))
  argparser.add_argument("--position", type=int,
    help=("The position of the new section. "
         "Use 0 for the top, or don't set a value for the bottom."))
  argparser.add_argument("--playlists",
    help="One or more playlist ids, comma-separated (e.g. PL...).")
  argparser.add_argument("--channels",
    help="One or more channel ids, comma-separated (e.g. UC...).")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    # Before channel shelves will appear on your channel's web page, browse
    # view needs to be enabled. If you know that your channel already has
    # it enabled, or if you want to add a number of sections before enabling it,
    # you can skip the call to enable_browse_view().
    enable_browse_view(youtube)

    add_channel_section(youtube, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "Added new channel section."

Shuffle existing channel sections

The code sample below calls the API's channelSections.list method to get the list of current channel sections, shuffles them, and then calls channelSections.update to change the position of each.

More information on channel sections is available in the YouTube Help Center.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import random
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets

CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE, scope=YOUTUBE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def get_current_channel_sections(youtube):
  channel_sections_list_response = youtube.channelSections().list(
    part="snippet,contentDetails",
    mine=True
  ).execute()

  return channel_sections_list_response["items"]

def shuffle_channel_sections(youtube, channel_sections):
  # This will randomly reorder the items in the channel_sections list.
  random.shuffle(channel_sections)

  for channel_section in channel_sections:
    # Each section in the list of shuffled sections is sequentially
    # set to position 0, i.e. the top.
    channel_section["snippet"]["position"] = 0

    youtube.channelSections().update(
      part="snippet,contentDetails",
      body=channel_section
    ).execute()

if __name__ == '__main__':
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    channel_sections = get_current_channel_sections(youtube)
    shuffle_channel_sections(youtube, channel_sections)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "The existing channel sections have been randomly shuffled."

The code sample below calls the API's channels.update method to set invideoPromotion properties for the channel.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets

CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# If offsetMs is not valid, the API will throw an error
VALID_OFFSET_TYPES = ("offsetFromEnd", "offsetFromStart",)

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE, scope=YOUTUBE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def add_featured_video(youtube, options):
  add_video_request = youtube.channels().update(
    part="invideoPromotion",
    # You can use the API Explorer to test API requests:
    #    https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/docs/channels/update#try-it
    body={
      "invideoPromotion": {
        "items": [{
          "id": {
            "type": "video",
            "videoId": options.video_id
          },
          "timing": {
            "offsetMs": options.offset_ms,
            "type": options.offset_type
          }
        }],
      },
      "id": options.channel_id
  }).execute()

if __name__ == '__main__':
  argparser.add_argument("--channel-id", required=True,
    help="Channel ID of the channel to add a featured video")
  argparser.add_argument("--video-id",  required=True,
    help="Video ID to feature on your channel")
  argparser.add_argument("--offset-ms",
    help="Offset in milliseconds to show video.",
    default="10000")
  argparser.add_argument("--offset-type", choices=VALID_OFFSET_TYPES,
    help="Whether the offset is from the beginning or end of video playback.",
    default=VALID_OFFSET_TYPES[0])
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    add_featured_video(youtube, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "Added featured video %s to channel %s." % (
      args.video_id, args.channel_id)

Retrieve my uploads

The code sample below calls the API's playlistItems.list method to retrieve a list of videos uploaded to the channel associated with the request. The code also calls the channels.list method with the mine parameter set to true to retrieve the playlist ID that identifies the channel's uploaded videos.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for read-only access to the authenticated
# user's account, but not other types of account access.
YOUTUBE_READONLY_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.readonly"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
  message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE,
  scope=YOUTUBE_READONLY_SCOPE)

storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
credentials = storage.get()

if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
  flags = argparser.parse_args()
  credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, flags)

youtube = build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
  http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

# Retrieve the contentDetails part of the channel resource for the
# authenticated user's channel.
channels_response = youtube.channels().list(
  mine=True,
  part="contentDetails"
).execute()

for channel in channels_response["items"]:
  # From the API response, extract the playlist ID that identifies the list
  # of videos uploaded to the authenticated user's channel.
  uploads_list_id = channel["contentDetails"]["relatedPlaylists"]["uploads"]

  print "Videos in list %s" % uploads_list_id

  # Retrieve the list of videos uploaded to the authenticated user's channel.
  playlistitems_list_request = youtube.playlistItems().list(
    playlistId=uploads_list_id,
    part="snippet",
    maxResults=50
  )

  while playlistitems_list_request:
    playlistitems_list_response = playlistitems_list_request.execute()

    # Print information about each video.
    for playlist_item in playlistitems_list_response["items"]:
      title = playlist_item["snippet"]["title"]
      video_id = playlist_item["snippet"]["resourceId"]["videoId"]
      print "%s (%s)" % (title, video_id)

    playlistitems_list_request = youtube.playlistItems().list_next(
      playlistitems_list_request, playlistitems_list_response)

  print

Create a playlist

The code sample below calls the API's playlists.insert method to create a private playlist owned by the channel authorizing the request.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
  message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE,
  scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE)

storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
credentials = storage.get()

if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
  flags = argparser.parse_args()
  credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, flags)

youtube = build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
  http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

# This code creates a new, private playlist in the authorized user's channel.
playlists_insert_response = youtube.playlists().insert(
  part="snippet,status",
  body=dict(
    snippet=dict(
      title="Test Playlist",
      description="A private playlist created with the YouTube API v3"
    ),
    status=dict(
      privacyStatus="private"
    )
  )
).execute()

print "New playlist id: %s" % playlists_insert_response["id"]

Search by keyword

The code sample below calls the API's search.list method to retrieve search results associated with a particular keyword.

#!/usr/bin/python

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.tools import argparser


# Set DEVELOPER_KEY to the API key value from the APIs & auth > Registered apps
# tab of
#   https://cloud.google.com/console
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
DEVELOPER_KEY = "REPLACE_ME"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

def youtube_search(options):
  youtube = build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    developerKey=DEVELOPER_KEY)

  # Call the search.list method to retrieve results matching the specified
  # query term.
  search_response = youtube.search().list(
    q=options.q,
    part="id,snippet",
    maxResults=options.max_results
  ).execute()

  videos = []
  channels = []
  playlists = []

  # Add each result to the appropriate list, and then display the lists of
  # matching videos, channels, and playlists.
  for search_result in search_response.get("items", []):
    if search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#video":
      videos.append("%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
                                 search_result["id"]["videoId"]))
    elif search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#channel":
      channels.append("%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
                                   search_result["id"]["channelId"]))
    elif search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#playlist":
      playlists.append("%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
                                    search_result["id"]["playlistId"]))

  print "Videos:\n", "\n".join(videos), "\n"
  print "Channels:\n", "\n".join(channels), "\n"
  print "Playlists:\n", "\n".join(playlists), "\n"


if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--q", help="Search term", default="Google")
  argparser.add_argument("--max-results", help="Max results", default=25)
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  try:
    youtube_search(args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)

Search by topic

The code sample below calls the API's search.list method to retrieve search results associated with a particular Freebase topic.

#!/usr/bin/python

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.tools import argparser

import json
import urllib


# Set DEVELOPER_KEY to the API key value from the APIs & auth > Registered apps
# tab of
#   https://cloud.google.com/console
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
DEVELOPER_KEY = "REPLACE_ME"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"
FREEBASE_SEARCH_URL = "https://www.googleapis.com/freebase/v1/search?%s"

def get_topic_id(options):
  # Retrieve a list of Freebase topics associated with the provided query term.
  freebase_params = dict(query=options.query, key=DEVELOPER_KEY)
  freebase_url = FREEBASE_SEARCH_URL % urllib.urlencode(freebase_params)
  freebase_response = json.loads(urllib.urlopen(freebase_url).read())

  if len(freebase_response["result"]) == 0:
    exit("No matching terms were found in Freebase.")

  # Display the list of matching Freebase topics.
  mids = []
  index = 1
  print "The following topics were found:"
  for result in freebase_response["result"]:
    mids.append(result["mid"])
    print "  %2d. %s (%s)" % (index, result.get("name", "Unknown"),
      result.get("notable", {}).get("name", "Unknown"))
    index += 1

  # Display a prompt for the user to select a topic and return the topic ID
  # of the selected topic.
  mid = None
  while mid is None:
    index = raw_input("Enter a topic number to find related YouTube %ss: " %
      options.type)
    try:
      mid = mids[int(index) - 1]
    except ValueError:
      pass
  return mid


def youtube_search(mid, options):
  youtube = build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
  developerKey=DEVELOPER_KEY)

  # Call the search.list method to retrieve results associated with the
  # specified Freebase topic.
  search_response = youtube.search().list(
    topicId=mid,
    type=options.type,
    part="id,snippet",
    maxResults=options.max_results
  ).execute()

  # Print the title and ID of each matching resource.
  for search_result in search_response.get("items", []):
    if search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#video":
      print "%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
        search_result["id"]["videoId"])
    elif search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#channel":
      print "%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
        search_result["id"]["channelId"])
    elif search_result["id"]["kind"] == "youtube#playlist":
      print "%s (%s)" % (search_result["snippet"]["title"],
        search_result["id"]["playlistId"])


if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--query", help="Freebase search term", default="Google")
  argparser.add_argument("--max-results", help="Max YouTube results",
    default=25)
  argparser.add_argument("--type",
    help="YouTube result type: video, playlist, or channel", default="channel")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  mid = get_topic_id(args)
  try:
    youtube_search(mid, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)

Add a channel subscription

The code sample below calls the API's subscriptions.insert method to add a subscription to a specified channel.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))


# This method calls the API's youtube.subscriptions.insert method to add a
# subscription to the specified channel.
def add_subscription(youtube, channel_id):
  add_subscription_response = youtube.subscriptions().insert(
    part='snippet',
    body=dict(
      snippet=dict(
        resourceId=dict(
          channelId=channel_id
        )
      )
    )).execute()

  return add_subscription_response["snippet"]["title"]

if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--channel-id", help="ID of the channel to subscribe to.",
    default="UCtVd0c0tGXuTSbU5d8cSBUg")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    channel_title = add_subscription(youtube, args.channel_id)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "A subscription to '%s' was added." % channel_title

Upload a video thumbnail image

The code sample below calls the API's thumbnails.set method to upload an image and set it as the thumbnail image for a video. The request must be authorized by the channel that owns the video.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

# Call the API's thumbnails.set method to upload the thumbnail image and
# associate it with the appropriate video.
def upload_thumbnail(youtube, video_id, file):
  youtube.thumbnails().set(
    videoId=video_id,
    media_body=file
  ).execute()

if __name__ == "__main__":
  # The "videoid" option specifies the YouTube video ID that uniquely
  # identifies the video for which the thumbnail image is being updated.
  argparser.add_argument("--video-id", required=True,
    help="ID of video whose thumbnail you're updating.")
  # The "file" option specifies the path to the thumbnail image file.
  argparser.add_argument("--file", required=True,
    help="Path to thumbnail image file.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  if not os.path.exists(args.file):
    exit("Please specify a valid file using the --file= parameter.")

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    upload_thumbnail(youtube, args.video_id, args.file)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "The custom thumbnail was successfully set."

Upload a video

The code sample below calls the API's videos.insert method to upload a video to the channel associated with the request.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib
import httplib2
import os
import random
import sys
import time

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from apiclient.http import MediaFileUpload
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# Explicitly tell the underlying HTTP transport library not to retry, since
# we are handling retry logic ourselves.
httplib2.RETRIES = 1

# Maximum number of times to retry before giving up.
MAX_RETRIES = 10

# Always retry when these exceptions are raised.
RETRIABLE_EXCEPTIONS = (httplib2.HttpLib2Error, IOError, httplib.NotConnected,
  httplib.IncompleteRead, httplib.ImproperConnectionState,
  httplib.CannotSendRequest, httplib.CannotSendHeader,
  httplib.ResponseNotReady, httplib.BadStatusLine)

# Always retry when an apiclient.errors.HttpError with one of these status
# codes is raised.
RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES = [500, 502, 503, 504]

# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows an application to upload files to the
# authenticated user's YouTube channel, but doesn't allow other types of access.
YOUTUBE_UPLOAD_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.upload"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

VALID_PRIVACY_STATUSES = ("public", "private", "unlisted")


def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_UPLOAD_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def initialize_upload(youtube, options):
  tags = None
  if options.keywords:
    tags = options.keywords.split(",")

  body=dict(
    snippet=dict(
      title=options.title,
      description=options.description,
      tags=tags,
      categoryId=options.category
    ),
    status=dict(
      privacyStatus=options.privacyStatus
    )
  )

  # Call the API's videos.insert method to create and upload the video.
  insert_request = youtube.videos().insert(
    part=",".join(body.keys()),
    body=body,
    # The chunksize parameter specifies the size of each chunk of data, in
    # bytes, that will be uploaded at a time. Set a higher value for
    # reliable connections as fewer chunks lead to faster uploads. Set a lower
    # value for better recovery on less reliable connections.
    #
    # Setting "chunksize" equal to -1 in the code below means that the entire
    # file will be uploaded in a single HTTP request. (If the upload fails,
    # it will still be retried where it left off.) This is usually a best
    # practice, but if you're using Python older than 2.6 or if you're
    # running on App Engine, you should set the chunksize to something like
    # 1024 * 1024 (1 megabyte).
    media_body=MediaFileUpload(options.file, chunksize=-1, resumable=True)
  )

  resumable_upload(insert_request)

# This method implements an exponential backoff strategy to resume a
# failed upload.
def resumable_upload(insert_request):
  response = None
  error = None
  retry = 0
  while response is None:
    try:
      print "Uploading file..."
      status, response = insert_request.next_chunk()
      if 'id' in response:
        print "Video id '%s' was successfully uploaded." % response['id']
      else:
        exit("The upload failed with an unexpected response: %s" % response)
    except HttpError, e:
      if e.resp.status in RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES:
        error = "A retriable HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status,
                                                             e.content)
      else:
        raise
    except RETRIABLE_EXCEPTIONS, e:
      error = "A retriable error occurred: %s" % e

    if error is not None:
      print error
      retry += 1
      if retry > MAX_RETRIES:
        exit("No longer attempting to retry.")

      max_sleep = 2 ** retry
      sleep_seconds = random.random() * max_sleep
      print "Sleeping %f seconds and then retrying..." % sleep_seconds
      time.sleep(sleep_seconds)

if __name__ == '__main__':
  argparser.add_argument("--file", required=True, help="Video file to upload")
  argparser.add_argument("--title", help="Video title", default="Test Title")
  argparser.add_argument("--description", help="Video description",
    default="Test Description")
  argparser.add_argument("--category", default="22",
    help="Numeric video category. " +
      "See https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/docs/videoCategories/list")
  argparser.add_argument("--keywords", help="Video keywords, comma separated",
    default="")
  argparser.add_argument("--privacyStatus", choices=VALID_PRIVACY_STATUSES,
    default=VALID_PRIVACY_STATUSES[0], help="Video privacy status.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  if not os.path.exists(args.file):
    exit("Please specify a valid file using the --file= parameter.")

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    initialize_upload(youtube, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)

Rate (like) a video

The code sample below calls the API's videos.rate method to set a positive rating for a video.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

# Add the video rating. This code sets the rating to "like," but you could
# also support an additional option that supports values of "like" and
# "dislike."
def like_video(youtube, video_id):
  youtube.videos().rate(
    id=video_id,
    rating="like"
  ).execute()

if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--videoid", default="L-oNKK1CrnU",
    help="ID of video to like.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    like_video(youtube, args.videoid)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "%s has been liked." % args.videoid

Update a video

The code sample below calls the API's videos.update method to update a video owned by the channel authorizing the request.

#!/usr/bin/python

import httplib2
import os
import sys

from apiclient.discovery import build
from apiclient.errors import HttpError
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.file import Storage
from oauth2client.tools import argparser, run_flow


# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the Google Developers Console at
# https://console.developers.google.com/.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/guides/authentication
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
#   https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = "client_secrets.json"

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = "youtube"
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = "v3"

# This variable defines a message to display if the CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE is
# missing.
MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE = """
WARNING: Please configure OAuth 2.0

To make this sample run you will need to populate the client_secrets.json file
found at:

   %s

with information from the Developers Console
https://console.developers.google.com/

For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, please visit:
https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/aaa_client_secrets
""" % os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
                                   CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE))

def get_authenticated_service(args):
  flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE,
    scope=YOUTUBE_READ_WRITE_SCOPE,
    message=MISSING_CLIENT_SECRETS_MESSAGE)

  storage = Storage("%s-oauth2.json" % sys.argv[0])
  credentials = storage.get()

  if credentials is None or credentials.invalid:
    credentials = run_flow(flow, storage, args)

  return build(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION,
    http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))

def update_video(youtube, options):
  # Call the API's videos.list method to retrieve the video resource.
  videos_list_response = youtube.videos().list(
    id=options.video_id,
    part='snippet'
  ).execute()

  # If the response does not contain an array of "items" then the video was
  # not found.
  if not videos_list_response["items"]:
    print "Video '%s' was not found." % options.video_id
    sys.exit(1)

  # Since the request specified a video ID, the response only contains one
  # video resource. This code extracts the snippet from that resource.
  videos_list_snippet = videos_list_response["items"][0]["snippet"]

  # Preserve any tags already associated with the video. If the video does
  # not have any tags, create a new array. Append the provided tag to the
  # list of tags associated with the video.
  if "tags" not in  videos_list_snippet:
    videos_list_snippet["tags"] = []
  videos_list_snippet["tags"].append(options.tag)

  # Update the video resource by calling the videos.update() method.
  videos_update_response = youtube.videos().update(
    part='snippet',
    body=dict(
      snippet=videos_list_snippet,
      id=options.video_id
    )).execute()

if __name__ == "__main__":
  argparser.add_argument("--video-id", help="ID of video to update.",
    required=True)
  argparser.add_argument("--tag", default="youtube",
    help="Additional tag to add to video.")
  args = argparser.parse_args()

  youtube = get_authenticated_service(args)
  try:
    update_video(youtube, args)
  except HttpError, e:
    print "An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s" % (e.resp.status, e.content)
  else:
    print "Tag '%s' was added to video id '%s'." % (args.tag, args.video_id)

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