Seleziona il luogo attuale e mostra i dettagli su una mappa

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Scopri come trovare la posizione attuale di un dispositivo Android e visualizzare i dettagli del luogo (un'attività o un altro punto d'interesse) in tale posizione. Segui questo tutorial per creare un'app Android utilizzando l'SDK Maps per Android, l'SDK Places per Android e il fornitore di posizione fuso nelle API di geolocalizzazione Google Play Services.

Ottieni il codice

Clona o scarica il repository degli esempi v2 dell'API Google Maps per Android da GitHub.

Visualizza la versione Java dell'attività:

    // Copyright 2020 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

package com.example.currentplacedetailsonmap;

import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.location.Location;
import android.os.Bundle;

import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AlertDialog;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;

import com.google.android.gms.location.FusedLocationProviderClient;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.CameraPosition;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.Marker;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions;
import com.google.android.gms.tasks.OnCompleteListener;
import com.google.android.gms.tasks.Task;

import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.Places;
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.model.Place;
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.model.PlaceLikelihood;
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.net.FindCurrentPlaceRequest;
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.net.FindCurrentPlaceResponse;
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.net.PlacesClient;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * An activity that displays a map showing the place at the device's current location.
 */
public class MapsActivityCurrentPlace extends AppCompatActivity
        implements OnMapReadyCallback {

    private static final String TAG = MapsActivityCurrentPlace.class.getSimpleName();
    private GoogleMap map;
    private CameraPosition cameraPosition;

    // The entry point to the Places API.
    private PlacesClient placesClient;

    // The entry point to the Fused Location Provider.
    private FusedLocationProviderClient fusedLocationProviderClient;

    // A default location (Sydney, Australia) and default zoom to use when location permission is
    // not granted.
    private final LatLng defaultLocation = new LatLng(-33.8523341, 151.2106085);
    private static final int DEFAULT_ZOOM = 15;
    private static final int PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION = 1;
    private boolean locationPermissionGranted;

    // The geographical location where the device is currently located. That is, the last-known
    // location retrieved by the Fused Location Provider.
    private Location lastKnownLocation;

    // Keys for storing activity state.
    private static final String KEY_CAMERA_POSITION = "camera_position";
    private static final String KEY_LOCATION = "location";

    // Used for selecting the current place.
    private static final int M_MAX_ENTRIES = 5;
    private String[] likelyPlaceNames;
    private String[] likelyPlaceAddresses;
    private List[] likelyPlaceAttributions;
    private LatLng[] likelyPlaceLatLngs;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        // Retrieve location and camera position from saved instance state.
        if (savedInstanceState != null) {
            lastKnownLocation = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_LOCATION);
            cameraPosition = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION);
        }

        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);

        // Construct a PlacesClient
        Places.initialize(getApplicationContext(), BuildConfig.MAPS_API_KEY);
        placesClient = Places.createClient(this);

        // Construct a FusedLocationProviderClient.
        fusedLocationProviderClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);

        // Build the map.
        SupportMapFragment mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
                .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    /**
     * Saves the state of the map when the activity is paused.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
        if (map != null) {
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION, map.getCameraPosition());
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_LOCATION, lastKnownLocation);
        }
        super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
    }

    /**
     * Sets up the options menu.
     * @param menu The options menu.
     * @return Boolean.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.current_place_menu, menu);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Handles a click on the menu option to get a place.
     * @param item The menu item to handle.
     * @return Boolean.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        if (item.getItemId() == R.id.option_get_place) {
            showCurrentPlace();
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the map when it's available.
     * This callback is triggered when the map is ready to be used.
     */
    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap map) {
        this.map = map;

        // Use a custom info window adapter to handle multiple lines of text in the
        // info window contents.
        this.map.setInfoWindowAdapter(new GoogleMap.InfoWindowAdapter() {

            @Override
            // Return null here, so that getInfoContents() is called next.
            public View getInfoWindow(Marker arg0) {
                return null;
            }

            @Override
            public View getInfoContents(Marker marker) {
                // Inflate the layouts for the info window, title and snippet.
                View infoWindow = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.custom_info_contents,
                        (FrameLayout) findViewById(R.id.map), false);

                TextView title = infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.title);
                title.setText(marker.getTitle());

                TextView snippet = infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.snippet);
                snippet.setText(marker.getSnippet());

                return infoWindow;
            }
        });

        // Prompt the user for permission.
        getLocationPermission();

        // Turn on the My Location layer and the related control on the map.
        updateLocationUI();

        // Get the current location of the device and set the position of the map.
        getDeviceLocation();
    }

    /**
     * Gets the current location of the device, and positions the map's camera.
     */
    private void getDeviceLocation() {
        /*
         * Get the best and most recent location of the device, which may be null in rare
         * cases when a location is not available.
         */
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                Task<Location> locationResult = fusedLocationProviderClient.getLastLocation();
                locationResult.addOnCompleteListener(this, new OnCompleteListener<Location>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<Location> task) {
                        if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                            // Set the map's camera position to the current location of the device.
                            lastKnownLocation = task.getResult();
                            if (lastKnownLocation != null) {
                                map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(
                                        new LatLng(lastKnownLocation.getLatitude(),
                                                lastKnownLocation.getLongitude()), DEFAULT_ZOOM));
                            }
                        } else {
                            Log.d(TAG, "Current location is null. Using defaults.");
                            Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.getException());
                            map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory
                                    .newLatLngZoom(defaultLocation, DEFAULT_ZOOM));
                            map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(false);
                        }
                    }
                });
            }
        } catch (SecurityException e)  {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Prompts the user for permission to use the device location.
     */
    private void getLocationPermission() {
        /*
         * Request location permission, so that we can get the location of the
         * device. The result of the permission request is handled by a callback,
         * onRequestPermissionsResult.
         */
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this.getApplicationContext(),
                android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            locationPermissionGranted = true;
        } else {
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this,
                    new String[]{android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION},
                    PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Handles the result of the request for location permissions.
     */
    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode,
                                           @NonNull String[] permissions,
                                           @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
        locationPermissionGranted = false;
        if (requestCode
            == PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) {// If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
            if (grantResults.length > 0
                && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                locationPermissionGranted = true;
            }
        } else {
            super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        }
        updateLocationUI();
    }

    /**
     * Prompts the user to select the current place from a list of likely places, and shows the
     * current place on the map - provided the user has granted location permission.
     */
    private void showCurrentPlace() {
        if (map == null) {
            return;
        }

        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            // Use fields to define the data types to return.
            List<Place.Field> placeFields = Arrays.asList(Place.Field.NAME, Place.Field.ADDRESS,
                    Place.Field.LAT_LNG);

            // Use the builder to create a FindCurrentPlaceRequest.
            FindCurrentPlaceRequest request =
                    FindCurrentPlaceRequest.newInstance(placeFields);

            // Get the likely places - that is, the businesses and other points of interest that
            // are the best match for the device's current location.
            @SuppressWarnings("MissingPermission") final
            Task<FindCurrentPlaceResponse> placeResult =
                    placesClient.findCurrentPlace(request);
            placeResult.addOnCompleteListener (new OnCompleteListener<FindCurrentPlaceResponse>() {
                @Override
                public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<FindCurrentPlaceResponse> task) {
                    if (task.isSuccessful() && task.getResult() != null) {
                        FindCurrentPlaceResponse likelyPlaces = task.getResult();

                        // Set the count, handling cases where less than 5 entries are returned.
                        int count;
                        if (likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods().size() < M_MAX_ENTRIES) {
                            count = likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods().size();
                        } else {
                            count = M_MAX_ENTRIES;
                        }

                        int i = 0;
                        likelyPlaceNames = new String[count];
                        likelyPlaceAddresses = new String[count];
                        likelyPlaceAttributions = new List[count];
                        likelyPlaceLatLngs = new LatLng[count];

                        for (PlaceLikelihood placeLikelihood : likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods()) {
                            // Build a list of likely places to show the user.
                            likelyPlaceNames[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getName();
                            likelyPlaceAddresses[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getAddress();
                            likelyPlaceAttributions[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace()
                                    .getAttributions();
                            likelyPlaceLatLngs[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getLatLng();

                            i++;
                            if (i > (count - 1)) {
                                break;
                            }
                        }

                        // Show a dialog offering the user the list of likely places, and add a
                        // marker at the selected place.
                        MapsActivityCurrentPlace.this.openPlacesDialog();
                    }
                    else {
                        Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.getException());
                    }
                }
            });
        } else {
            // The user has not granted permission.
            Log.i(TAG, "The user did not grant location permission.");

            // Add a default marker, because the user hasn't selected a place.
            map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
                    .title(getString(R.string.default_info_title))
                    .position(defaultLocation)
                    .snippet(getString(R.string.default_info_snippet)));

            // Prompt the user for permission.
            getLocationPermission();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Displays a form allowing the user to select a place from a list of likely places.
     */
    private void openPlacesDialog() {
        // Ask the user to choose the place where they are now.
        DialogInterface.OnClickListener listener = new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                // The "which" argument contains the position of the selected item.
                LatLng markerLatLng = likelyPlaceLatLngs[which];
                String markerSnippet = likelyPlaceAddresses[which];
                if (likelyPlaceAttributions[which] != null) {
                    markerSnippet = markerSnippet + "\n" + likelyPlaceAttributions[which];
                }

                // Add a marker for the selected place, with an info window
                // showing information about that place.
                map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
                        .title(likelyPlaceNames[which])
                        .position(markerLatLng)
                        .snippet(markerSnippet));

                // Position the map's camera at the location of the marker.
                map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(markerLatLng,
                        DEFAULT_ZOOM));
            }
        };

        // Display the dialog.
        AlertDialog dialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
                .setTitle(R.string.pick_place)
                .setItems(likelyPlaceNames, listener)
                .show();
    }

    /**
     * Updates the map's UI settings based on whether the user has granted location permission.
     */
    private void updateLocationUI() {
        if (map == null) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                map.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
                map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(true);
            } else {
                map.setMyLocationEnabled(false);
                map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(false);
                lastKnownLocation = null;
                getLocationPermission();
            }
        } catch (SecurityException e)  {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

    

Visualizza la versione Kotlin dell'attività:

    // Copyright 2020 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package com.example.currentplacedetailsonmap

import android.Manifest
import android.annotation.SuppressLint
import android.content.DialogInterface
import android.content.pm.PackageManager
import android.location.Location
import android.os.Bundle
import android.util.Log
import android.view.Menu
import android.view.MenuItem
import android.view.View
import android.widget.FrameLayout
import android.widget.TextView
import androidx.appcompat.app.AlertDialog
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat
import com.google.android.gms.location.FusedLocationProviderClient
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices
import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap.InfoWindowAdapter
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.CameraPosition
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.Marker
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.Places
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.model.Place
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.net.FindCurrentPlaceRequest
import com.google.android.libraries.places.api.net.PlacesClient

/**
 * An activity that displays a map showing the place at the device's current location.
 */
class MapsActivityCurrentPlace : AppCompatActivity(), OnMapReadyCallback {
    private var map: GoogleMap? = null
    private var cameraPosition: CameraPosition? = null

    // The entry point to the Places API.
    private lateinit var placesClient: PlacesClient

    // The entry point to the Fused Location Provider.
    private lateinit var fusedLocationProviderClient: FusedLocationProviderClient

    // A default location (Sydney, Australia) and default zoom to use when location permission is
    // not granted.
    private val defaultLocation = LatLng(-33.8523341, 151.2106085)
    private var locationPermissionGranted = false

    // The geographical location where the device is currently located. That is, the last-known
    // location retrieved by the Fused Location Provider.
    private var lastKnownLocation: Location? = null
    private var likelyPlaceNames: Array<String?> = arrayOfNulls(0)
    private var likelyPlaceAddresses: Array<String?> = arrayOfNulls(0)
    private var likelyPlaceAttributions: Array<List<*>?> = arrayOfNulls(0)
    private var likelyPlaceLatLngs: Array<LatLng?> = arrayOfNulls(0)

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)

        // Retrieve location and camera position from saved instance state.
        if (savedInstanceState != null) {
            lastKnownLocation = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_LOCATION)
            cameraPosition = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION)
        }

        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps)

        // Construct a PlacesClient
        Places.initialize(applicationContext, BuildConfig.MAPS_API_KEY)
        placesClient = Places.createClient(this)

        // Construct a FusedLocationProviderClient.
        fusedLocationProviderClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this)

        // Build the map.
        val mapFragment = supportFragmentManager
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map) as SupportMapFragment?
        mapFragment?.getMapAsync(this)
    }

    /**
     * Saves the state of the map when the activity is paused.
     */
    override fun onSaveInstanceState(outState: Bundle) {
        map?.let { map ->
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION, map.cameraPosition)
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_LOCATION, lastKnownLocation)
        }
        super.onSaveInstanceState(outState)
    }

    /**
     * Sets up the options menu.
     * @param menu The options menu.
     * @return Boolean.
     */
    override fun onCreateOptionsMenu(menu: Menu): Boolean {
        menuInflater.inflate(R.menu.current_place_menu, menu)
        return true
    }

    /**
     * Handles a click on the menu option to get a place.
     * @param item The menu item to handle.
     * @return Boolean.
     */
    override fun onOptionsItemSelected(item: MenuItem): Boolean {
        if (item.itemId == R.id.option_get_place) {
            showCurrentPlace()
        }
        return true
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the map when it's available.
     * This callback is triggered when the map is ready to be used.
     */
    override fun onMapReady(map: GoogleMap) {
        this.map = map

        // Use a custom info window adapter to handle multiple lines of text in the
        // info window contents.
        this.map?.setInfoWindowAdapter(object : InfoWindowAdapter {
            // Return null here, so that getInfoContents() is called next.
            override fun getInfoWindow(arg0: Marker): View? {
                return null
            }

            override fun getInfoContents(marker: Marker): View {
                // Inflate the layouts for the info window, title and snippet.
                val infoWindow = layoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.custom_info_contents,
                    findViewById<FrameLayout>(R.id.map), false)
                val title = infoWindow.findViewById<TextView>(R.id.title)
                title.text = marker.title
                val snippet = infoWindow.findViewById<TextView>(R.id.snippet)
                snippet.text = marker.snippet
                return infoWindow
            }
        })

        // Prompt the user for permission.
        getLocationPermission()

        // Turn on the My Location layer and the related control on the map.
        updateLocationUI()

        // Get the current location of the device and set the position of the map.
        getDeviceLocation()
    }

    /**
     * Gets the current location of the device, and positions the map's camera.
     */
    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private fun getDeviceLocation() {
        /*
         * Get the best and most recent location of the device, which may be null in rare
         * cases when a location is not available.
         */
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                val locationResult = fusedLocationProviderClient.lastLocation
                locationResult.addOnCompleteListener(this) { task ->
                    if (task.isSuccessful) {
                        // Set the map's camera position to the current location of the device.
                        lastKnownLocation = task.result
                        if (lastKnownLocation != null) {
                            map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(
                                LatLng(lastKnownLocation!!.latitude,
                                    lastKnownLocation!!.longitude), DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
                        }
                    } else {
                        Log.d(TAG, "Current location is null. Using defaults.")
                        Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.exception)
                        map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory
                            .newLatLngZoom(defaultLocation, DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
                        map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = false
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (e: SecurityException) {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.message, e)
        }
    }

    /**
     * Prompts the user for permission to use the device location.
     */
    private fun getLocationPermission() {
        /*
         * Request location permission, so that we can get the location of the
         * device. The result of the permission request is handled by a callback,
         * onRequestPermissionsResult.
         */
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this.applicationContext,
                Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
            == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            locationPermissionGranted = true
        } else {
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, arrayOf(Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION),
                PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
        }
    }

    /**
     * Handles the result of the request for location permissions.
     */
    override fun onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode: Int,
                                            permissions: Array<String>,
                                            grantResults: IntArray) {
        locationPermissionGranted = false
        when (requestCode) {
            PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION -> {

                // If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
                if (grantResults.isNotEmpty() &&
                    grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                    locationPermissionGranted = true
                }
            }
            else -> super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults)
        }
        updateLocationUI()
    }

    /**
     * Prompts the user to select the current place from a list of likely places, and shows the
     * current place on the map - provided the user has granted location permission.
     */
    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private fun showCurrentPlace() {
        if (map == null) {
            return
        }
        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            // Use fields to define the data types to return.
            val placeFields = listOf(Place.Field.NAME, Place.Field.ADDRESS, Place.Field.LAT_LNG)

            // Use the builder to create a FindCurrentPlaceRequest.
            val request = FindCurrentPlaceRequest.newInstance(placeFields)

            // Get the likely places - that is, the businesses and other points of interest that
            // are the best match for the device's current location.
            val placeResult = placesClient.findCurrentPlace(request)
            placeResult.addOnCompleteListener { task ->
                if (task.isSuccessful && task.result != null) {
                    val likelyPlaces = task.result

                    // Set the count, handling cases where less than 5 entries are returned.
                    val count = if (likelyPlaces != null && likelyPlaces.placeLikelihoods.size < M_MAX_ENTRIES) {
                        likelyPlaces.placeLikelihoods.size
                    } else {
                        M_MAX_ENTRIES
                    }
                    var i = 0
                    likelyPlaceNames = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    likelyPlaceAddresses = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    likelyPlaceAttributions = arrayOfNulls<List<*>?>(count)
                    likelyPlaceLatLngs = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    for (placeLikelihood in likelyPlaces?.placeLikelihoods ?: emptyList()) {
                        // Build a list of likely places to show the user.
                        likelyPlaceNames[i] = placeLikelihood.place.name
                        likelyPlaceAddresses[i] = placeLikelihood.place.address
                        likelyPlaceAttributions[i] = placeLikelihood.place.attributions
                        likelyPlaceLatLngs[i] = placeLikelihood.place.latLng
                        i++
                        if (i > count - 1) {
                            break
                        }
                    }

                    // Show a dialog offering the user the list of likely places, and add a
                    // marker at the selected place.
                    openPlacesDialog()
                } else {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.exception)
                }
            }
        } else {
            // The user has not granted permission.
            Log.i(TAG, "The user did not grant location permission.")

            // Add a default marker, because the user hasn't selected a place.
            map?.addMarker(MarkerOptions()
                .title(getString(R.string.default_info_title))
                .position(defaultLocation)
                .snippet(getString(R.string.default_info_snippet)))

            // Prompt the user for permission.
            getLocationPermission()
        }
    }

    /**
     * Displays a form allowing the user to select a place from a list of likely places.
     */
    private fun openPlacesDialog() {
        // Ask the user to choose the place where they are now.
        val listener = DialogInterface.OnClickListener { dialog, which -> // The "which" argument contains the position of the selected item.
            val markerLatLng = likelyPlaceLatLngs[which]
            var markerSnippet = likelyPlaceAddresses[which]
            if (likelyPlaceAttributions[which] != null) {
                markerSnippet = """
                    $markerSnippet
                    ${likelyPlaceAttributions[which]}
                    """.trimIndent()
            }

            if (markerLatLng == null) {
                return@OnClickListener
            }

            // Add a marker for the selected place, with an info window
            // showing information about that place.
            map?.addMarker(MarkerOptions()
                .title(likelyPlaceNames[which])
                .position(markerLatLng)
                .snippet(markerSnippet))

            // Position the map's camera at the location of the marker.
            map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(markerLatLng,
                DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
        }

        // Display the dialog.
        AlertDialog.Builder(this)
            .setTitle(R.string.pick_place)
            .setItems(likelyPlaceNames, listener)
            .show()
    }

    /**
     * Updates the map's UI settings based on whether the user has granted location permission.
     */
    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private fun updateLocationUI() {
        if (map == null) {
            return
        }
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                map?.isMyLocationEnabled = true
                map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = true
            } else {
                map?.isMyLocationEnabled = false
                map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = false
                lastKnownLocation = null
                getLocationPermission()
            }
        } catch (e: SecurityException) {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.message, e)
        }
    }

    companion object {
        private val TAG = MapsActivityCurrentPlace::class.java.simpleName
        private const val DEFAULT_ZOOM = 15
        private const val PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION = 1

        // Keys for storing activity state.
        private const val KEY_CAMERA_POSITION = "camera_position"
        private const val KEY_LOCATION = "location"

        // Used for selecting the current place.
        private const val M_MAX_ENTRIES = 5
    }
}

    

Configura il tuo progetto di sviluppo

Segui questi passaggi per creare il progetto tutorial in Android Studio.

  1. Scarica e installa Android Studio.
  2. Aggiungi il pacchetto di Google Play Services al Android Studio.
  3. Clona o scarica il repository di esempio dell'API Android v2 di Google Maps se non l'hai fatto quando hai iniziato a leggere questo tutorial.
  4. Importa il progetto del tutorial:

    • In Android Studio, seleziona File > Nuovo > Importa progetto.
    • Vai al percorso in cui hai salvato il repository Esempi di Google API per Android v2 dopo averlo scaricato.
    • Trova il progetto CurrentPlaceDetailsOnMap in questa posizione:
      PATH-TO-SAVED-REPO/android-samples/tutorials/java/CurrentPlaceDetailsOnMap (Java) o
      PATH-TO-SAVED-REPO/android-samples/tutorials/kotlin/CurrentPlaceDetailsOnMap (Kotlin)
    • Seleziona la directory del progetto e fai clic su Open (Apri). Android Studio ora crea il tuo progetto utilizzando lo strumento di compilazione Gradle.

Abilita le API necessarie e ottieni una chiave API

Per completare questo tutorial, hai bisogno di un progetto Google Cloud con le API necessarie abilitate e una chiave API autorizzata a utilizzare Maps SDK for Android. Per maggiori dettagli, vedi:

Per visualizzare le API delle API abilitate, vai alla pagina Google Maps Platform in Cloud Console e seleziona il progetto:

Vai alla pagina Google Maps Platform

Se non vedi che l'API Places è abilitata nel tuo progetto, devi abilitarla:

Abilitare l'API Places

Se aggiungi restrizioni alla tua chiave API, assicurati di aggiungere anche l'API Places. Per ulteriori informazioni, consulta la sezione Utilizzo di chiavi API.

Aggiungi la chiave API alla tua app

  1. Apri il file local.properties del progetto.
  2. Aggiungi la stringa seguente e sostituisci YOUR_API_KEY con il valore della chiave API:

    MAPS_API_KEY=YOUR_API_KEY

    Quando crei la tua app, il plug-in Secrets Gradle per Android copierà la chiave API e la renderà disponibile come variabile di build nel manifest Android.

Crea ed esegui la tua app

  1. Collega un dispositivo Android al computer. Segui le istruzioni per abilitare le opzioni per sviluppatori sul tuo dispositivo Android e configura il tuo sistema per rilevare il dispositivo.

    In alternativa, puoi utilizzare Android Virtual Device (AVD) Manager per configurare un dispositivo virtuale. Quando scegli un emulatore, assicurati di scegliere un'immagine che includa le API di Google. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta Configurare un progetto Android Studio.

  2. In Android Studio, fai clic sull'opzione di menu Esegui (o sull'icona del pulsante di riproduzione). Scegli un dispositivo come richiesto.

Android Studio richiama Gradle per creare l'app, quindi esegue l'app sul dispositivo o sull'emulatore. Dovresti vedere una mappa con una serie di indicatori centrati sulla posizione corrente, simili all'immagine di questa pagina.

  1. Seleziona Ottieni luogo per aprire un elenco di luoghi (un'attività o un altro punto d'interesse) vicino alla tua posizione attuale.
  2. Seleziona un luogo dall'elenco. Alla mappa viene aggiunto un indicatore per il luogo selezionato.

Risoluzione dei problemi:

  • Se non vedi la mappa, verifica di avere una chiave API e la aggiungi all'app, come descritto in precedenza. Controlla il log in Android Monitor di Android Studio per vedere se sono presenti messaggi di errore relativi alla chiave API.
  • Se la mappa mostra un solo indicatore situato sul Sydney Harbour Bridge (la posizione predefinita specificata nell'app), verifica di aver concesso l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione per l'app. L'app richiede l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione in fase di esecuzione, seguendo il pattern descritto nella guida alle autorizzazioni Android. Tieni presente che puoi anche impostare le autorizzazioni direttamente sul dispositivo, scegliendo Impostazioni > App > nome app > Autorizzazioni > Posizione. Per informazioni dettagliate su come gestire le autorizzazioni nel codice, consulta la guida di seguito per richiedere l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione nell'app.
  • Utilizza gli strumenti di debug di Android Studio per visualizzare i log ed eseguire il debug dell'app.

Comprendere il codice

Questa parte del tutorial illustra le parti più significative dell'app CurrentPlaceDetailsOnMap, per aiutarti a creare un'app simile.

Creare un'istanza del client API Places

Questi oggetti sono i punti di accesso principali all'SDK Places per Android:

  • La classe Places crea e gestisce i client per l'SDK Places per Android.
  • L'interfaccia PlacesClient recupera la posizione attuale del dispositivo e i luoghi nelle vicinanze.

L'interfaccia di LocationServices è il punto di accesso principale per i servizi di geolocalizzazione di Android.

Per utilizzare le API, procedi come segue nel metodo onCreate() del tuo frammento o dell'attività:

  1. Inizializza un oggetto Places.
  2. Crea un oggetto PlacesClient.
  3. Crea un oggetto FusedLocationProviderClient.

Ad esempio:

Java

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    // ...

    // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);

    // Construct a PlacesClient
    Places.initialize(getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.maps_api_key));
    placesClient = Places.createClient(this);

    // Construct a FusedLocationProviderClient.
    fusedLocationProviderClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);
}

Kotlin

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)

    // ...

    // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps)

    // Construct a PlacesClient
    Places.initialize(applicationContext, getString(R.string.maps_api_key))
    placesClient = Places.createClient(this)

    // Construct a FusedLocationProviderClient.
    fusedLocationProviderClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this)

}

Richiedi autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione

La tua app deve richiedere l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione per determinare la posizione del dispositivo e consentire all'utente di toccare il pulsante La mia posizione sulla mappa.

Questo tutorial fornisce il codice necessario per richiedere l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta la guida alle autorizzazioni per Android.

  1. Aggiungi l'autorizzazione come elemento secondario dell'elemento <manifest> nel manifest Android:

    <manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        package="com.example.currentplacedetailsonmap">
        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
    </manifest>
    
  2. Richiedi autorizzazioni di runtime nella tua app, offrendo all'utente l'opportunità di consentire o negare l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione. Il codice riportato di seguito controlla se l'utente ha concesso l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione precisa. In caso contrario, viene richiesta l'autorizzazione:

    Java

    private void getLocationPermission() {
        /*
         * Request location permission, so that we can get the location of the
         * device. The result of the permission request is handled by a callback,
         * onRequestPermissionsResult.
         */
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this.getApplicationContext(),
                android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            locationPermissionGranted = true;
        } else {
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this,
                    new String[]{android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION},
                    PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION);
        }
    }
    

    Kotlin

    private fun getLocationPermission() {
        /*
         * Request location permission, so that we can get the location of the
         * device. The result of the permission request is handled by a callback,
         * onRequestPermissionsResult.
         */
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this.applicationContext,
                Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
            == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            locationPermissionGranted = true
        } else {
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, arrayOf(Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION),
                PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
        }
    }
    
  3. Sostituisci il callback onRequestPermissionsResult() per gestire il risultato della richiesta di autorizzazione:

    Java

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode,
                                           @NonNull String[] permissions,
                                           @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
        locationPermissionGranted = false;
        if (requestCode
            == PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) {// If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
            if (grantResults.length > 0
                && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                locationPermissionGranted = true;
            }
        } else {
            super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        }
        updateLocationUI();
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode: Int,
                                            permissions: Array<String>,
                                            grantResults: IntArray) {
        locationPermissionGranted = false
        when (requestCode) {
            PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION -> {
    
                // If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.
                if (grantResults.isNotEmpty() &&
                    grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                    locationPermissionGranted = true
                }
            }
            else -> super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults)
        }
        updateLocationUI()
    }
    

    Una sezione successiva di questo tutorial descrive il metodo updateLocationUI().

Aggiungere una mappa

Visualizza una mappa utilizzando l'SDK Maps per Android.

  1. Aggiungi un elemento <fragment> al file di layout dell'attività, activity_maps.xml. Questo elemento definisce un SupportMapFragment che funge da contenitore per la mappa e fornisce l'accesso all'oggetto GoogleMap. Il tutorial utilizza la versione della libreria di supporto Android del frammento della mappa per garantire la compatibilità con le versioni precedenti del framework Android.

    <!--
     Copyright 2020 Google LLC
    
     Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
     you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
     You may obtain a copy of the License at
    
          http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
    
     Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
     distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
     WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
     See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
     limitations under the License.
    -->
    
    <fragment xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:id="@+id/map"
        android:name="com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        tools:context="com.example.currentplacedetailsonmap.MapsActivityCurrentPlace" />
    
    
  2. Nel metodo onCreate() della tua attività, imposta il file di layout come visualizzazione dei contenuti:

    Java

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    
    
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);
    
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    
    
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps)
    
    }
    
  3. Implementa l'interfaccia OnMapReadyCallback e sostituisci il metodo onMapReady(), per configurare la mappa quando l'oggetto GoogleMap è disponibile:

    Java

    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap map) {
        this.map = map;
    
        // ...
    
        // Turn on the My Location layer and the related control on the map.
        updateLocationUI();
    
        // Get the current location of the device and set the position of the map.
        getDeviceLocation();
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onMapReady(map: GoogleMap) {
        this.map = map
    
        // ...
    
        // Turn on the My Location layer and the related control on the map.
        updateLocationUI()
    
        // Get the current location of the device and set the position of the map.
        getDeviceLocation()
    }
    
  4. Nel metodo onCreate() della tua attività, richiedi un handle al frammento della mappa chiamando FragmentManager.findFragmentById(). Utilizza quindi getMapAsync() per registrarti al callback mappa:

    Java

    SupportMapFragment mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
    mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    

    Kotlin

    val mapFragment = supportFragmentManager
        .findFragmentById(R.id.map) as SupportMapFragment?
    mapFragment?.getMapAsync(this)
    
  5. Scrivi un metodo updateLocationUI() per impostare i controlli di geolocalizzazione sulla mappa. Se l'utente ha concesso l'autorizzazione di accesso alla posizione, abilita il livello La mia posizione e il relativo controllo sulla mappa, altrimenti disattiva il livello e il controllo e imposta la posizione attuale su null:

    Java

    private void updateLocationUI() {
        if (map == null) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                map.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
                map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(true);
            } else {
                map.setMyLocationEnabled(false);
                map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(false);
                lastKnownLocation = null;
                getLocationPermission();
            }
        } catch (SecurityException e)  {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.getMessage());
        }
    }
    

    Kotlin

    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private fun updateLocationUI() {
        if (map == null) {
            return
        }
        try {
            if (locationPermissionGranted) {
                map?.isMyLocationEnabled = true
                map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = true
            } else {
                map?.isMyLocationEnabled = false
                map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = false
                lastKnownLocation = null
                getLocationPermission()
            }
        } catch (e: SecurityException) {
            Log.e("Exception: %s", e.message, e)
        }
    }
    

Trova la posizione del dispositivo Android e posiziona la mappa

Utilizza il fornitore della posizione fuso per trovare l'ultima posizione nota del dispositivo, quindi utilizza la posizione per posizionare la mappa. Il tutorial fornisce il codice necessario. Per maggiori dettagli su come ottenere la posizione del dispositivo, consulta la guida relativa al provider di geolocalizzazione fuso nelle API di geolocalizzazione di Google Play Services.

Java

private void getDeviceLocation() {
    /*
     * Get the best and most recent location of the device, which may be null in rare
     * cases when a location is not available.
     */
    try {
        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            Task<Location> locationResult = fusedLocationProviderClient.getLastLocation();
            locationResult.addOnCompleteListener(this, new OnCompleteListener<Location>() {
                @Override
                public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<Location> task) {
                    if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                        // Set the map's camera position to the current location of the device.
                        lastKnownLocation = task.getResult();
                        if (lastKnownLocation != null) {
                            map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(
                                    new LatLng(lastKnownLocation.getLatitude(),
                                            lastKnownLocation.getLongitude()), DEFAULT_ZOOM));
                        }
                    } else {
                        Log.d(TAG, "Current location is null. Using defaults.");
                        Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.getException());
                        map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory
                                .newLatLngZoom(defaultLocation, DEFAULT_ZOOM));
                        map.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(false);
                    }
                }
            });
        }
    } catch (SecurityException e)  {
        Log.e("Exception: %s", e.getMessage(), e);
    }
}

Kotlin

@SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
private fun getDeviceLocation() {
    /*
     * Get the best and most recent location of the device, which may be null in rare
     * cases when a location is not available.
     */
    try {
        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            val locationResult = fusedLocationProviderClient.lastLocation
            locationResult.addOnCompleteListener(this) { task ->
                if (task.isSuccessful) {
                    // Set the map's camera position to the current location of the device.
                    lastKnownLocation = task.result
                    if (lastKnownLocation != null) {
                        map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(
                            LatLng(lastKnownLocation!!.latitude,
                                lastKnownLocation!!.longitude), DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Current location is null. Using defaults.")
                    Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.exception)
                    map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory
                        .newLatLngZoom(defaultLocation, DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
                    map?.uiSettings?.isMyLocationButtonEnabled = false
                }
            }
        }
    } catch (e: SecurityException) {
        Log.e("Exception: %s", e.message, e)
    }
}

Trova il luogo attuale

Utilizza l'SDK Places per Android per visualizzare un elenco di luoghi probabili nella posizione attuale del dispositivo. In questo contesto, per luogo si intende un'attività o un altro punto d'interesse.

Questo tutorial tratta la posizione corrente in cui l'utente fa clic sul pulsante Ottieni luogo. Fornisce all'utente un elenco di luoghi possibili tra cui scegliere, quindi aggiunge un indicatore sulla mappa nella posizione del luogo selezionato. Il tutorial fornisce il codice necessario per interagire con l'SDK Places per Android. Per i dettagli, consulta la guida per ottenere il luogo attuale.

  1. Crea un file di layout (current_place_menu.xml) per il menu opzioni e sostituisci il metodo onCreateOptionsMenu() per configurare il menu opzioni. Vedi l'app di esempio associata per il codice.
  2. Sostituisci il metodo onOptionsItemSelected() per ottenere la posizione corrente quando l'utente fa clic sull'opzione Ottieni luogo:

    Java

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        if (item.getItemId() == R.id.option_get_place) {
            showCurrentPlace();
        }
        return true;
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onOptionsItemSelected(item: MenuItem): Boolean {
        if (item.itemId == R.id.option_get_place) {
            showCurrentPlace()
        }
        return true
    }
    
  3. Crea un metodo showCurrentPlace() per ottenere un elenco di luoghi probabilmente nella posizione attuale del dispositivo:

    Java

    private void showCurrentPlace() {
        if (map == null) {
            return;
        }
    
        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            // Use fields to define the data types to return.
            List<Place.Field> placeFields = Arrays.asList(Place.Field.NAME, Place.Field.ADDRESS,
                    Place.Field.LAT_LNG);
    
            // Use the builder to create a FindCurrentPlaceRequest.
            FindCurrentPlaceRequest request =
                    FindCurrentPlaceRequest.newInstance(placeFields);
    
            // Get the likely places - that is, the businesses and other points of interest that
            // are the best match for the device's current location.
            @SuppressWarnings("MissingPermission") final
            Task<FindCurrentPlaceResponse> placeResult =
                    placesClient.findCurrentPlace(request);
            placeResult.addOnCompleteListener (new OnCompleteListener<FindCurrentPlaceResponse>() {
                @Override
                public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<FindCurrentPlaceResponse> task) {
                    if (task.isSuccessful() && task.getResult() != null) {
                        FindCurrentPlaceResponse likelyPlaces = task.getResult();
    
                        // Set the count, handling cases where less than 5 entries are returned.
                        int count;
                        if (likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods().size() < M_MAX_ENTRIES) {
                            count = likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods().size();
                        } else {
                            count = M_MAX_ENTRIES;
                        }
    
                        int i = 0;
                        likelyPlaceNames = new String[count];
                        likelyPlaceAddresses = new String[count];
                        likelyPlaceAttributions = new List[count];
                        likelyPlaceLatLngs = new LatLng[count];
    
                        for (PlaceLikelihood placeLikelihood : likelyPlaces.getPlaceLikelihoods()) {
                            // Build a list of likely places to show the user.
                            likelyPlaceNames[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getName();
                            likelyPlaceAddresses[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getAddress();
                            likelyPlaceAttributions[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace()
                                    .getAttributions();
                            likelyPlaceLatLngs[i] = placeLikelihood.getPlace().getLatLng();
    
                            i++;
                            if (i > (count - 1)) {
                                break;
                            }
                        }
    
                        // Show a dialog offering the user the list of likely places, and add a
                        // marker at the selected place.
                        MapsActivityCurrentPlace.this.openPlacesDialog();
                    }
                    else {
                        Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.getException());
                    }
                }
            });
        } else {
            // The user has not granted permission.
            Log.i(TAG, "The user did not grant location permission.");
    
            // Add a default marker, because the user hasn't selected a place.
            map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
                    .title(getString(R.string.default_info_title))
                    .position(defaultLocation)
                    .snippet(getString(R.string.default_info_snippet)));
    
            // Prompt the user for permission.
            getLocationPermission();
        }
    }
    

    Kotlin

    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private fun showCurrentPlace() {
        if (map == null) {
            return
        }
        if (locationPermissionGranted) {
            // Use fields to define the data types to return.
            val placeFields = listOf(Place.Field.NAME, Place.Field.ADDRESS, Place.Field.LAT_LNG)
    
            // Use the builder to create a FindCurrentPlaceRequest.
            val request = FindCurrentPlaceRequest.newInstance(placeFields)
    
            // Get the likely places - that is, the businesses and other points of interest that
            // are the best match for the device's current location.
            val placeResult = placesClient.findCurrentPlace(request)
            placeResult.addOnCompleteListener { task ->
                if (task.isSuccessful && task.result != null) {
                    val likelyPlaces = task.result
    
                    // Set the count, handling cases where less than 5 entries are returned.
                    val count = if (likelyPlaces != null && likelyPlaces.placeLikelihoods.size < M_MAX_ENTRIES) {
                        likelyPlaces.placeLikelihoods.size
                    } else {
                        M_MAX_ENTRIES
                    }
                    var i = 0
                    likelyPlaceNames = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    likelyPlaceAddresses = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    likelyPlaceAttributions = arrayOfNulls<List<*>?>(count)
                    likelyPlaceLatLngs = arrayOfNulls(count)
                    for (placeLikelihood in likelyPlaces?.placeLikelihoods ?: emptyList()) {
                        // Build a list of likely places to show the user.
                        likelyPlaceNames[i] = placeLikelihood.place.name
                        likelyPlaceAddresses[i] = placeLikelihood.place.address
                        likelyPlaceAttributions[i] = placeLikelihood.place.attributions
                        likelyPlaceLatLngs[i] = placeLikelihood.place.latLng
                        i++
                        if (i > count - 1) {
                            break
                        }
                    }
    
                    // Show a dialog offering the user the list of likely places, and add a
                    // marker at the selected place.
                    openPlacesDialog()
                } else {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Exception: %s", task.exception)
                }
            }
        } else {
            // The user has not granted permission.
            Log.i(TAG, "The user did not grant location permission.")
    
            // Add a default marker, because the user hasn't selected a place.
            map?.addMarker(MarkerOptions()
                .title(getString(R.string.default_info_title))
                .position(defaultLocation)
                .snippet(getString(R.string.default_info_snippet)))
    
            // Prompt the user for permission.
            getLocationPermission()
        }
    }
    
  4. Crea un metodo openPlacesDialog() per visualizzare un modulo che consenta all'utente di selezionare un luogo da un elenco di luoghi probabili. Aggiungi un indicatore sulla mappa per il luogo selezionato. I contenuti dell'indicatore includono il nome e l'indirizzo del luogo ed eventuali attribuzioni fornite dall'API:

    Java

    private void openPlacesDialog() {
        // Ask the user to choose the place where they are now.
        DialogInterface.OnClickListener listener = new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                // The "which" argument contains the position of the selected item.
                LatLng markerLatLng = likelyPlaceLatLngs[which];
                String markerSnippet = likelyPlaceAddresses[which];
                if (likelyPlaceAttributions[which] != null) {
                    markerSnippet = markerSnippet + "\n" + likelyPlaceAttributions[which];
                }
    
                // Add a marker for the selected place, with an info window
                // showing information about that place.
                map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
                        .title(likelyPlaceNames[which])
                        .position(markerLatLng)
                        .snippet(markerSnippet));
    
                // Position the map's camera at the location of the marker.
                map.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(markerLatLng,
                        DEFAULT_ZOOM));
            }
        };
    
        // Display the dialog.
        AlertDialog dialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
                .setTitle(R.string.pick_place)
                .setItems(likelyPlaceNames, listener)
                .show();
    }
    

    Kotlin

    private fun openPlacesDialog() {
        // Ask the user to choose the place where they are now.
        val listener = DialogInterface.OnClickListener { dialog, which -> // The "which" argument contains the position of the selected item.
            val markerLatLng = likelyPlaceLatLngs[which]
            var markerSnippet = likelyPlaceAddresses[which]
            if (likelyPlaceAttributions[which] != null) {
                markerSnippet = """
                    $markerSnippet
                    ${likelyPlaceAttributions[which]}
                    """.trimIndent()
            }
    
            if (markerLatLng == null) {
                return@OnClickListener
            }
    
            // Add a marker for the selected place, with an info window
            // showing information about that place.
            map?.addMarker(MarkerOptions()
                .title(likelyPlaceNames[which])
                .position(markerLatLng)
                .snippet(markerSnippet))
    
            // Position the map's camera at the location of the marker.
            map?.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(markerLatLng,
                DEFAULT_ZOOM.toFloat()))
        }
    
        // Display the dialog.
        AlertDialog.Builder(this)
            .setTitle(R.string.pick_place)
            .setItems(likelyPlaceNames, listener)
            .show()
    }
    
  5. Crea un layout personalizzato per i contenuti della finestra informativa. In questo modo è possibile visualizzare più righe di contenuti nella finestra informativa. Innanzitutto, aggiungi un file di layout XML custom_info_contents.xml contenente una visualizzazione di testo per il titolo della finestra informativa e un'altra visualizzazione di testo per lo snippet (ovvero i contenuti testuali della finestra informativa):

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <!--
     Copyright 2020 Google LLC
    
     Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
     you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
     You may obtain a copy of the License at
    
          http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
    
     Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
     distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
     WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
     See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
     limitations under the License.
    -->
    
    <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layoutDirection="locale"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/title"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:textColor="#ff000000"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
    
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/snippet"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textColor="#ff7f7f7f" />
    </LinearLayout>
    
    
  6. Implementa l'interfaccia InfoWindowAdapter per gonfiare il layout e caricare i contenuti della finestra informativa:

    Java

    // Use a custom info window adapter to handle multiple lines of text in the
    // info window contents.
    this.map.setInfoWindowAdapter(new GoogleMap.InfoWindowAdapter() {
    
        @Override
        // Return null here, so that getInfoContents() is called next.
        public View getInfoWindow(Marker arg0) {
            return null;
        }
    
        @Override
        public View getInfoContents(Marker marker) {
            // Inflate the layouts for the info window, title and snippet.
            View infoWindow = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.custom_info_contents,
                    (FrameLayout) findViewById(R.id.map), false);
    
            TextView title = infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.title);
            title.setText(marker.getTitle());
    
            TextView snippet = infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.snippet);
            snippet.setText(marker.getSnippet());
    
            return infoWindow;
        }
    });
    

    Kotlin

    // Use a custom info window adapter to handle multiple lines of text in the
    // info window contents.
    this.map?.setInfoWindowAdapter(object : InfoWindowAdapter {
        // Return null here, so that getInfoContents() is called next.
        override fun getInfoWindow(arg0: Marker): View? {
            return null
        }
    
        override fun getInfoContents(marker: Marker): View {
            // Inflate the layouts for the info window, title and snippet.
            val infoWindow = layoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.custom_info_contents,
                findViewById<FrameLayout>(R.id.map), false)
            val title = infoWindow.findViewById<TextView>(R.id.title)
            title.text = marker.title
            val snippet = infoWindow.findViewById<TextView>(R.id.snippet)
            snippet.text = marker.snippet
            return infoWindow
        }
    })
    

Salva lo stato della mappa

Salva la posizione della fotocamera della mappa e la posizione del dispositivo. Quando un utente ruota un dispositivo Android o apporta modifiche alla configurazione, il framework Android distrugge e ricrea l'attività della mappa. Per garantire un'esperienza utente ottimale, è consigliabile archiviare lo stato dell'applicazione pertinente e ripristinarlo quando necessario.

Questo tutorial fornisce tutto il codice necessario per salvare lo stato della mappa. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta la guida al set savedInstanceState.

  1. Nella tua attività mappa, configura le coppie chiave-valore per l'archiviazione dello stato dell'attività:

    Java

    private static final String KEY_CAMERA_POSITION = "camera_position";
    private static final String KEY_LOCATION = "location";
    

    Kotlin

    private const val KEY_CAMERA_POSITION = "camera_position"
    private const val KEY_LOCATION = "location"
    
  2. Implementa il callback onSaveInstanceState() per salvare lo stato quando l'attività è in pausa:

    Java

    @Override
    protected void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
        if (map != null) {
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION, map.getCameraPosition());
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_LOCATION, lastKnownLocation);
        }
        super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onSaveInstanceState(outState: Bundle) {
        map?.let { map ->
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION, map.cameraPosition)
            outState.putParcelable(KEY_LOCATION, lastKnownLocation)
        }
        super.onSaveInstanceState(outState)
    }
    
  3. Nel metodo onCreate() della tua attività, recupera la posizione del dispositivo e la posizione della fotocamera della mappa se salvata in precedenza:

    Java

    // Retrieve location and camera position from saved instance state.
    if (savedInstanceState != null) {
        lastKnownLocation = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_LOCATION);
        cameraPosition = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION);
    }
    

    Kotlin

    if (savedInstanceState != null) {
        lastKnownLocation = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_LOCATION)
        cameraPosition = savedInstanceState.getParcelable(KEY_CAMERA_POSITION)
    }