Actual Evapotranspiration for Australia (CMRSET Landsat V2.1)

Dataset Availability
2012-02-01T00:00:00Z - 2021-02-01T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
agriculture australia csiro evaporation evapotranspiration hydrology landsat-derived tern viirs-derived


This dataset provides accurate actual evapotranspiration (AET or ETa) for Australia using the CMRSET algorithm. The AET band (named 'ETa') contains the average daily value from the CMRSET model for all cloud-free Landsat observations in that month (indicated with value 3 in the AET Data Source QA bits). After the Landsat 7 ETM+ Scan Line Corrector (SLC) failed on 31 May 2003, Landsat 7 ETM+ data are only used if there are no cloud-free Landsat 5 TM or Landsat 8 OLI data for that month. If there is no cloud-free Landsat available, then pixels are infilled with Landsat-VIIRS blended output (indicated with value 2 in the AET Data Source QA bits). If there is no VIIRS available in a month, then missing monthly AET values are linearly interpolated (indicated with value 1 in the AET Data Source QA bits). This means monthly 30 m AET data covering all Australia, with no gaps due to cloud, are available and ready to use.

Accurate AET information is important for irrigation, food security, and environmental management. Like many other parts of the world, water availability in Australia is limited and AET is the largest consumptive component of the water balance. In Australia 70% of available water is used for crop and pasture irrigation. Better monitoring will support improved water use efficiency in this sector, with any water savings available as environmental flows. Additionally, ground-water dependent ecosystems (GDE) occupy a small area yet are "biodiversity hotspots". Knowing their water needs enables enhanced management of these critical areas. AET can also be used to model the catchment water balance. If used in water balance (mass balance) calculations, then this AET value needs to be multiplied by the number of days in the month.

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30 meters


Name Units Description
ETa mm/day

Average daily evapotranspiration


Pixel QA attributes

Terms of Use

Terms of Use



  • Guerschman, J.P., McVicar, T.R., Vleeshouwer, Van Niel, T.G., Peña-Arancibia, J.L., and Chen, Y. (2021) Estimating actual evapotranspiration continentally at field-to-landscape scales by calibrating the CMRSET algorithm with MODIS, VIIRS, Landsat and Sentinel-2 reflective data. Journal of Hydrology (In Preparation)

Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection("TERN/AET/CMRSET_LANDSAT_V2_1");

var visualization = {
  bands: ['ETa'],
  min: 1.0,
  max: 7.0,
  palette: ["d7191c","fdae61","ffffbf","abd9e9","2c7bb6"]

Map.setCenter(132.0, -27.0, 4);

Map.addLayer(dataset, visualization, "Average daily evaportranspiration");