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Challenge: Convert an E-Commerce site to a PWA

Overview

In this challenge, you'll use the skills you've learned during the training to build a complete Progressive Web App (PWA).

What you will do

  • Precache the app shell for instant loading
  • Dynamically cache runtime assets
  • Use Workbox to integrate service worker development into a build process
  • Make the app work offline
  • Make the app home screen addable

What you should know

What you will need

The app you'll be working on is a storefront for a modern furniture store:

Screenshot of the shop view of Modern Furniture Store app

Screenshot of the cart view of Modern Furniture Store app

Unlike the other labs, this is a self-guided exercise - only the setup is explained, the rest is up to you!

1. Get set up

Install the LTS version of Node.js.

Clone the E-Commerce lab repository with Git using the following command:

git clone https://github.com/google-developer-training/pwa-ecommerce-demo.git

Alternatively, you can download the repo from GitHub.

After you have downloaded the repo, open the pwa-ecommerce-demo/project/ folder in your preferred text editor. The project/ folder is where you will be working.

Take a moment to look through the code and get familiar with the app's structure. The app/ folder contains the app's source files.

The package.json file specifies the app's development dependencies. You don't need to be familiar with these specific packages, but they're required to build the app. In the command line, navigate to the project/ directory and install these packages (this may take a moment to complete):

cd pwa-ecommerce-demo/project
npm install

After the dependencies have been installed, run the server:

npm run serve

You can terminate the server at any time by pressing ctrl + c in the command line.

The serve command is aliased in package.json to run the gulp serve task. This task first runs the default task in gulpfile.babel.js. Open the gulpfile and explore the contents. You don't need to understand all the tasks. The overall build flow (defined by the default task) is as follows:

  • The dist/ folder and all of its contents are removed
  • The HTML, CSS, and scripts are processed (minified, compiled for browser support, etc.) and the images are minified
  • The necessary assets are copied to the dist/ folder
  • A development server is started in the dist/ directory

Open your browser and navigate to localhost:8080 to examine the app.

Solution code for this lab can be found in the solution/ folder.

2. Specification

Now you're ready to start. Here is your challenge:

2.1 Service worker

Features

Use the Service Worker API to achieve the following:

  • Register the service worker in scripts/main.js (see Constraints)
  • Precache the app shell files (index.html, all scripts, all styles, and all images except the ones in the products/ directory)
  • Dynamically cache the images in the images/products/ directory and serve them with a cache-first strategy
  • Dynamically cache Google fonts (https://fonts.(?:googleapis|gstatic).com/(.*)) and MDL styles (https://code.getmdl.io/(.*)) and serve them with a staleWhileRevalidate strategy
  • Configure the service worker to call skipWaiting and Clients.claim so that updated service workers will immediately activate and claim all clients

Constraints

  • The service worker must only be registered in supporting browsers, and must register after the page has loaded.
  • You must use workbox-build to inject the precache manifest automatically as part of the gulp build process. You should write a gulp task as described in the documentation and add the task to those called in the runSequence call of the default task. The source service worker is app/sw.js, and the destination service worker is dist/sw.js.
  • You must use Workbox routing and strategies to implement all of the dynamic caching.

Optional challenges

  • Name the products images cache "furniture-store-images" and configure it to accept a maximum of 10 entries. Set a cache lifetime for the entries to one week.

Hints

Testing

If implemented correctly:

  • You should see the service worker registered in developer tools
  • The home page should be served from the cache after the first visit and you should see index.html, scripts, CSS, and images in the cache
  • Previously fetched products images should be available on subsequent loads and should be visible in the cache
  • Updated service workers should immediately activate on each new page load

If you're using Chrome, you should also run an audit with Lighthouse. The final app should pass all PWA tests except those concerned with HTTPS (the Add to Homescreen tests are completed in the next section).

See the solution code in the solution/ directory if you get stuck.

2.2 Optional: Add to Homescreen

Features

  • Add a manifest file to enable Add to Homescreen functionality
  • The manifest should be configured to open the index.html page in standalone mode
  • Theme color is #2F3BA2 and the background color is #3E4EB8
  • The name is "Modern Furniture Store" and the short name is "Furniture Store"
  • meta tags should be supplied for browsers that don't support the manifest.json file

Hints

  • Note that the touch icons are already available in images/touch/.
  • Use a manifest generator like this one or this one, which also generates <meta> tags for browsers that don't support the manifest file.

Testing

  • In Chrome DevTools, the manifest properties can be examined under Application > Manifest, where you can also test Add to Homescreen
  • The Lighthouse PWA audit will also confirm that the manifest is configured correctly

Congratulations!

You have made the E-commerce app available offline and enabled a returning user to add the app to their device's homescreen!