Редактирование и стилизация текста

Оптимизируйте свои подборки Сохраняйте и классифицируйте контент в соответствии со своими настройками.

На этой странице рассказывается, как редактировать и оформлять текст в презентации с помощью API слайдов.

О тексте

Текст в презентации всегда содержится внутри фигуры или ячейки таблицы. API позволяет изменять этот текст несколькими способами:

  • Вы можете вставлять, удалять или заменять текст в презентации.
  • Вы можете добавить форматирование абзаца для создания маркированных списков.
  • Вы можете изменить форматирование символов, например жирный шрифт, курсив, цвет, размер шрифта или гиперссылки.

См. страницу понятий «Структура и стиль текста», чтобы получить общее представление о том, как работает стиль текста в API слайдов. Также посмотрите приведенное выше видео, чтобы увидеть полный пример (Python), объединяющий несколько концепций форматирования из разделов ниже.

Вставка, удаление или замена текста

Есть два способа заменить текст в презентации с помощью API Slides: выполнить глобальный поиск и замену или явно удалить и добавить текст. Оба способа используют метод batchUpdate , но с разными типами запросов.

Глобальный поиск и замена

Используйте ReplaceAllTextRequest для выполнения глобального поиска и замены во всей презентации.

В разделе «Слияние текста» руководства по объединению данных приведен пример того, как вы можете использовать этот тип запроса.

Замена текста внутри фигуры

API слайдов позволяет изменять текстовое содержимое фигуры. Вы можете удалить отдельные диапазоны текста, а также вставить текст в определенное место.

Используйте InsertTextRequest и DeleteTextRequest для выполнения этих операций.

Замена определенной области текста состоит из удаления, а затем вставки, которую можно выполнить, выполнив следующие действия:

  1. Определите элемент страницы, который содержит текст.
  2. Определите начальную и конечную позиции заменяемого текста.
  3. Вызовите batchUpdate со следующими двумя запросами:
    1. DeleteTextRequest , указывающий диапазон текста для удаления.
    2. InsertTextRequest , указав ту же начальную позицию, а также вставляемую текстовую строку.

Чтобы обеспечить атомарность при замене текста таким образом, убедитесь, что оба запроса включены в один и тот же вызов batchUpdate. Это показано в следующем примере, который заменяет весь текст в фигуре новым текстом:

Скрипт приложений

слайды/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
 * @param {string} presentationId
 * @param {string?} shapeId
 * @param {string} replacementText
 * @returns {*}
 */
function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText) {
  const requests = [{
    deleteText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL'
      }
    }
  }, {
    insertText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      insertionIndex: 0,
      text: replacementText
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Replaced text in shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Идти

слайды/фрагменты/презентации.go
// Remove existing text in the shape, then insert the new text.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	DeleteText: &slides.DeleteTextRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type: "All",
		},
	},
}, {
	InsertText: &slides.InsertTextRequest{
		ObjectId:       shapeId,
		InsertionIndex: 0,
		Text:           replacementText,
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Replaced text in shape with ID: %s", shapeId)

Джава

слайды/сниппеты/src/main/java/SimpleTextReplace.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.DeleteTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.InsertTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Replace Text API */
public class SimpleTextReplace {
  /**
   * Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
   *
   * @param presentationId  - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId         - id of the shape.
   * @param replacementText - New replacement text.
   * @return response
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse simpleTextReplace(
      String presentationId, String shapeId, String replacementText) throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert the new text.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setDeleteText(new DeleteTextRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("ALL"))));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setInsertText(new InsertTextRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setInsertionIndex(0)
            .setText(replacementText)));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the requests.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Replaced text in shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

слайды/сниппеты/slides_simple_text_replace.js
function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText, callback) {
  // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
  const requests = [{
    deleteText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL',
      },
    },
  }, {
    insertText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      insertionIndex: 0,
      text: replacementText,
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Replaced text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

слайды/сниппеты/slides_simple_text_replace.js
/**
 * Replaces text in the provided shape ID.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID to delete existing text and insert new text into.
 * @param {string} replacementText The new replacement text.
 */
async function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
  const requests = [
    {
      deleteText: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'ALL',
        },
      },
    },
    {
      insertText: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        insertionIndex: 0,
        text: replacementText,
      },
    },
  ];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Replaced text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

слайды/сниппеты/src/SlidesSimpleTextReplace.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;

function simpleTextReplace($presentationId, $shapeId, $replacementText)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'deleteText' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'ALL'
            )
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'insertText' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'insertionIndex' => 0,
            'text' => $replacementText
        )
    ));

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Replaced text in shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

питон

слайды/сниппеты/slides_simple_text_replace.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def simple_text_replace(presentation_id, shape_id, replacement_text):
    """
    Run simple_text_replace the user has access to.
    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:
        slides_service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
        requests = []
        requests.append({
            'deleteText': {
                'objectId': shape_id,
                'textRange': {
                    'type': 'ALL'
                }
            }
        })
        requests.append({
            'insertText': {
                'objectId': shape_id,
                'insertionIndex': 0,
                'text': replacement_text
            }
        })

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = slides_service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Replaced text in shape with ID: {shape_id}")
        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        print("Text is not merged")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id, shape_id and replacement_text
    simple_text_replace('10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4',
                        'MyTextBox_6',
                        'GWSpace_now')

Рубин

слайды/сниппеты/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
requests = [] << {
  delete_text: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type: 'ALL'
    }
  }
} << {
  insert_text: {
    object_id_prop:  shape_id,
    insertion_index: 0,
    text:            replacement_text
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
  presentation_id,
  req
)
puts "Replaced text in shape with ID: #{shape_id}"

Изменение форматирования символов

Форматирование символов определяет отображение текстовых символов в презентации, включая шрифт, цвет и гиперссылки.

На странице понятий «Структура и стиль текста» описывается, как API Slides представляет информацию о стилях текста.

Чтобы изменить форматирование символов текста, используйте batchUpdate с UpdateTextStyleRequest . Вам необходимо указать идентификатор фигуры или ячейки таблицы, содержащей текст, а также диапазон , включающий следующую информацию:

  • Спецификатор FIXED_RANGE вместе с начальным и конечным индексами определяют диапазон текста, который вы хотите стилизовать.
  • Спецификатор FROM_START_INDEX вместе с начальным индексом, который определяет начало диапазона текста, который вы хотите стилизовать.
  • Спецификатор ALL без индексов для стилизации всего текста в целевой фигуре.

В следующем примере выполняется несколько операций по стилизации текста, содержащегося в фигуре.

  • Устанавливает шрифт символов 0-4 жирным курсивом.
  • Задает для символов 5–9 blue цвет шрифта Times New Roman размером 14 пунктов.
  • Гиперссылки символов 10-14 на www.example.com .

Простой способ сделать это — создать список запросов, а затем использовать один вызов batchUpdate :

Скрипт приложений

слайды/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
 * and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
 * New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
 * @param {string} presentationId
 * @param {string} shapeId
 * @returns {*}
 */
function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const requests = [{
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 0,
        endIndex: 5
      },
      style: {
        bold: true,
        italic: true
      },
      fields: 'bold,italic'
    }
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 5,
        endIndex: 10
      },
      style: {
        fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
        fontSize: {
          magnitude: 14,
          unit: 'PT'
        },
        foregroundColor: {
          opaqueColor: {
            rgbColor: {
              blue: 1.0,
              green: 0.0,
              red: 0.0
            }
          }
        }
      },
      fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
    }
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 10,
        endIndex: 15
      },
      style: {
        link: {
          url: 'www.example.com'
        }
      },
      fields: 'link'
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Updated the text style for shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Идти

слайды/фрагменты/презентации.go
// Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
// and italicized, and the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
// New Roman font, and the next five are hyperlinked.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:            "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex:      ptrInt64(0),
			EndIndex:        ptrInt64(5),
			ForceSendFields: []string{"StartIndex"},
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			Bold:   true,
			Italic: true,
		},
		Fields: "bold,italic",
	},
}, {
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:       "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex: ptrInt64(5),
			EndIndex:   ptrInt64(10),
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			FontFamily: "Times New Roman",
			FontSize: &slides.Dimension{
				Magnitude: 14.0,
				Unit:      "PT",
			},
			ForegroundColor: &slides.OptionalColor{
				OpaqueColor: &slides.OpaqueColor{
					RgbColor: &slides.RgbColor{
						Blue:  1.0,
						Green: 0.0,
						Red:   0.0,
					},
				},
			},
		},
		Fields: "foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize",
	},
}, {
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:       "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex: ptrInt64(10),
			EndIndex:   ptrInt64(15),
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			Link: &slides.Link{
				Url: "www.example.com",
			},
		},
		Fields: "link",
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Updated text style for shape with ID: %s", shapeId)

Джава

слайды/сниппеты/src/main/java/TextStyleUpdate.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Dimension;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Link;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.OpaqueColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.OptionalColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.RgbColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.TextStyle;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.UpdateTextStyleRequest;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slide Text Structure and Styling API */
public class TextStyleUpdate {
  /**
   * Styles text in the shape.
   *
   * @param presentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId        - id of the shape.
   * @return shape id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse textStyleUpdate(String presentationId,
                                                                String shapeId)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
    // and italicized, and the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
    // New Roman font, and the next five are hyperlinked.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(0)
                .setEndIndex(5))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setBold(true)
                .setItalic(true))
            .setFields("bold,italic")));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(5)
                .setEndIndex(10))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setFontFamily("Times New Roman")
                .setFontSize(new Dimension()
                    .setMagnitude(14.0)
                    .setUnit("PT"))
                .setForegroundColor(new OptionalColor()
                    .setOpaqueColor(new OpaqueColor()
                        .setRgbColor(new RgbColor()
                            .setBlue(1.0F)
                            .setGreen(0.0F)
                            .setRed(0.0F)))))
            .setFields("foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize")));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(10)
                .setEndIndex(15))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setLink(new Link()
                    .setUrl("www.example.com")))
            .setFields("link")));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the requests.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Updated text style for shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

слайды/сниппеты/slides_text_style_update.js
function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId, callback) {
  // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
  // and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
  // New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
  const requests = [{
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 0,
        endIndex: 5,
      },
      style: {
        bold: true,
        italic: true,
      },
      fields: 'bold,italic',
    },
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 5,
        endIndex: 10,
      },
      style: {
        fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
        fontSize: {
          magnitude: 14,
          unit: 'PT',
        },
        foregroundColor: {
          opaqueColor: {
            rgbColor: {
              blue: 1.0,
              green: 0.0,
              red: 0.0,
            },
          },
        },
      },
      fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize',
    },
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 10,
        endIndex: 15,
      },
      style: {
        link: {
          url: 'www.example.com',
        },
      },
      fields: 'link',
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Updated the text style for shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

слайды/сниппеты/slides_text_style_update.js
/**
 * Updates text style for a specific presentation's shape ID.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID.
 */
async function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId) {
  // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
  // and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
  // New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});

  const requests = [
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 0,
          endIndex: 5,
        },
        style: {
          bold: true,
          italic: true,
        },
        fields: 'bold,italic',
      },
    },
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 5,
          endIndex: 10,
        },
        style: {
          fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
          fontSize: {
            magnitude: 14,
            unit: 'PT',
          },
          foregroundColor: {
            opaqueColor: {
              rgbColor: {
                blue: 1.0,
                green: 0.0,
                red: 0.0,
              },
            },
          },
        },
        fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize',
      },
    },
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 10,
          endIndex: 15,
        },
        style: {
          link: {
            url: 'www.example.com',
          },
        },
        fields: 'link',
      },
    },
  ];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Updated the text style for shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exceptions
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

слайды/сниппеты/src/SlidesTextStyleUpdate.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;
use Google\Service\Slides\BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;


function textStyleUpdate($presentationId, $shapeId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 0,
                'endIndex' => 5
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'bold' => true,
                'italic' => true
            ),
            'fields' => 'bold,italic'
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 5,
                'endIndex' => 10
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'fontFamily' => 'Times New Roman',
                'fontSize' => array(
                    'magnitude' => 14,
                    'unit' => 'PT'
                ),
                'foregroundColor' => array(
                    'opaqueColor' => array(
                        'rgbColor' => array(
                            'blue' => 1.0,
                            'green' => 0.0,
                            'red' => 0.0
                        )
                    )
                )
            ),
            'fields' => 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 10,
                'endIndex' => 15
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'link' => array(
                    'url' => 'www.example.com'
                )
            ),
            'fields' => 'link'
        )
    ));

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Updated the text style for shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

питон

слайды/сниппеты/slides_text_style_update.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def text_style_update(presentation_id, shape_id):
    """
    create_sheets_chart the user has access to.
    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:
        service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
        # and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
        # New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
        requests = [
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 0,
                        'endIndex': 5
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'bold': True,
                        'italic': True
                    },
                    'fields': 'bold,italic'
                }
            },
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 5,
                        'endIndex': 10
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'fontFamily': 'Times New Roman',
                        'fontSize': {
                            'magnitude': 14,
                            'unit': 'PT'
                        },
                        'foregroundColor': {
                            'opaqueColor': {
                                'rgbColor': {
                                    'blue': 1.0,
                                    'green': 0.0,
                                    'red': 0.0
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    },
                    'fields': 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
                }
            },
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 10,
                        'endIndex': 15
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'link': {
                            'url': 'www.example.com'
                        }
                    },
                    'fields': 'link'
                }
            }
        ]

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Updated the text style for shape with ID:{shape_id}")

        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id, shape_id of slides
    # to be submitted.
    text_style_update("10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
                      "MyTextBox_9")

Рубин

слайды/сниппеты/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
# and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
# New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
requests = [] << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 0,
      end_index:   5
    },
    style:          {
      bold:   true,
      italic: true
    },
    fields:         'bold,italic'
  }
} << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 5,
      end_index:   10
    },
    style:          {
      font_family:      'Times New Roman',
      font_size:        {
        magnitude: 14,
        unit:      'PT'
      },
      foreground_color: {
        opaque_color: {
          rgb_color: {
            blue:  1.0,
            green: 0.0,
            red:   0.0
          }
        }
      }
    },
    fields:         'foreground_color,font_family,font_size'
  }
} << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 10,
      end_index:   15
    },
    style:          {
      link: {
        url: 'www.example.com'
      }
    },
    fields:         'link'
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(presentation_id, req)
puts "Updated the text style for shape with ID: #{shape_id}"

Изменение форматирования абзаца

Форматирование абзаца определяет способ отображения блоков текста в презентации, включая выравнивание, отступ и оформление списка.

На странице понятий «Структура и стиль текста» описывается, как [[slides_api_short]] представляет информацию о стиле абзаца.

API Slides поддерживает обновление стилей абзацев, преобразование простых абзацев в маркированные списки и удаление маркеров из абзацев.

Преобразование абзацев в список

Распространенной операцией форматирования абзаца является преобразование абзаца в маркированный список. В следующем примере все абзацы фигуры преобразуются в маркированный список и задается явный глиф маркера для использования.

Скрипт приложений

слайды/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
 */
function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const requests = [{
    createParagraphBullets: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL'
      },
      bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Added bullets to text in shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Идти

слайды/фрагменты/презентации.go
// Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	CreateParagraphBullets: &slides.CreateParagraphBulletsRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type: "ALL",
		},
		BulletPreset: "BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC",
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Added a linked Sheets chart with ID %s", shapeId)

Джава

слайды/сниппеты/src/main/java/CreateBulletedText.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.CreateParagraphBulletsRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slide Create Bulleted Text API */
public class CreateBulletedText {
  /**
   * Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
   *
   * @param presentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId        - id of the shape.
   * @return response
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse createBulletedText(String presentationId,
                                                                   String shapeId)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setCreateParagraphBullets(new CreateParagraphBulletsRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("ALL"))
            .setBulletPreset("BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC")));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the request.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Added bullets to text in shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

слайды/сниппеты/slides_create_bulleted_text.js
function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId, callback) {
  // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
  const requests = [{
    createParagraphBullets: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL',
      },
      bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC',
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Added bullets to text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

слайды/сниппеты/slides_create_bulleted_text.js
/**
 * Creates bulleted text for a presentation.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID to add bulleted text to.
 */
async function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});

  // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
  const requests = [
    {
      createParagraphBullets: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'ALL',
        },
        bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC',
      },
    },
  ];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Added bullets to text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

слайды/сниппеты/src/SlidesCreateBulletedText.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;


function createBulletedText($presentationId, $shapeId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'createParagraphBullets' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'ALL'
            ),
            'bulletPreset' => 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
        )
    ));

    // Execute the request.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Added bullets to text in shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

питон

слайды/сниппеты/slides_create_bulleted_text.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def create_bulleted_text(presentation_id, shape_id):
    """
        Run create_bulleted_text the user has access to.
        Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
        for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
        """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:

        slides_service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
        requests = [
            {
                'createParagraphBullets': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'ALL'
                    },
                    'bulletPreset': 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
                }
            }
        ]

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = slides_service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Added bullets to text in shape with ID: {shape_id}")

        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id and shape_id
    # to be submitted.
    create_bulleted_text("1VD1xmi1-9DonI4zmCKENTzlVxIL5SdGGTmbHmnBjQ1E", "MyTextBox_9")

Рубин

слайды/сниппеты/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
requests = [] << {
  create_paragraph_bullets: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type: 'ALL'
    },
    bulletPreset:   'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(presentation_id, req)
puts "Added bullets to text in shape with ID: #{shape_id}"