Verifying Googlebot and other Google crawlers
You can verify if a web crawler accessing your server really is a Google crawler, such as Googlebot. This is useful if you're concerned that spammers or other troublemakers are accessing your site while claiming to be Googlebot. Google doesn't post a public list of IP addresses for website owners to allowlist. This is because these IP address ranges can change, causing problems for any website owners who have hard-coded them, so you must run a DNS lookup as described next.
Verify that Googlebot (or another Google crawler) is the crawler
Use command line tools
- Run a reverse DNS lookup on the accessing IP address from your logs, using the
- Verify that the domain name is either
- Run a forward DNS lookup on the domain name retrieved in step 1 using the
hostcommand on the retrieved domain name. Verify that it's the same as the original accessing IP address from your logs.
> host 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com. > host crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com has address 184.108.40.206
> host 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer rate-limited-proxy-66-249-90-77.google.com. > host rate-limited-proxy-66-249-90-77.google.com rate-limited-proxy-66-249-90-77.google.com has address 22.214.171.124
Use automatic solutions
Google doesn't provide software libraries that can identify its crawlers. You can use an open source library to verify Googlebot.