FedCM updates: Origin trial for auto-reauthentication

Introducing a few updates to FedCM including a new origin trial for auto-reauthentication.

Federated Credential Management API (FedCM) is a web API for privacy-preserving identity federation. With identity federation, an RP (relying party) relies on an IdP (identity provider) to provide the user an account without requiring a new username and password.

FedCM is a purpose-built API that allows the browser to understand the context in which the RP and IdP exchange information, inform the user as to the information and privilege levels being shared and prevent unintended abuse.


There are a few updates to Chrome's FedCM implementation:

For all the past updates to the API check out Federated Credential Management API updates.

The latest version of FedCM includes a new auto-reauthentication feature, which enables reauthenticaticating users automatically when they come back after their initial authentication using FedCM. Auto-reauthentication is available as an origin trial starting in Chrome 112.


Currently, after a user has created a federated account on an RP with an IdP via the FedCM, the next time they visit the website they need to go through the same steps in the user interface. That is, they need to explicitly confirm and reauthenticate to proceed with the sign-in flow. As one of the main goals of FedCM is to prevent covert tracking, this user experience (UX) makes sense before the user has created the federated account, but it becomes unnecessary and cumbersome after the user has gone through it once. After the user grants permission to allow communication between the RP and the IdP,  there's no privacy or security benefit for enforcing another explicit user confirmation for something that they have already previously acknowledged. That's why Chrome is introducing a more streamlined UX that RPs can choose for their returning users.

FedCM auto-reauthentication ("auto-reauthn" in short) reauthenticates users automatically (when RPs opt-in), when they come back after their initial authentication using FedCM. "The initial authentication" here means the user creates an account or signs into the RP's website by tapping on the "Continue as..." button on FedCM's sign-in dialog for the first time on the same browser instance.

A dialog the user taps on to create an account or to authenticate.
A dialog the user taps on to create an account or to authenticate.

The RP can request auto-reauthn by calling navigator.credentials.get() with autoReauthn: true.

const cred = await navigator.credentials.get({
  identity: {
    providers: [{
      configURL: "https://idp.example/fedcm.json",
      clientId: "1234",
    // NOTE: We are exploring different API options to expose this
    // functionality here:
    // https://github.com/fedidcg/FedCM/issues/429#issuecomment-1426358523
    // You should expect that, as a result of the origin trial, we'll
    // learn more from developers and browser vendors what works best here.
    autoReauthn: true, // default to false

With this call, auto-reauthentication happens under the following conditions:

  • FedCM is available to use. For example, the user has not disabled FedCM either globally or for the RP.
  • The user used only one FedCM account to sign into the website on this browser.
  • The user is signed into the IdP with that account.
  • The auto-reauthn didn't happen within the last 10 minutes.

When the above conditions are met, an attempt to automatically reauthenticate the user starts as soon as the FedCM navigator.credentials.get() is invoked.

A user is auto-reauthenticating to an RP using FedCM

Try it out

You can try FedCM auto-reauthentication locally by turning on a Chrome flag chrome://flags#fedcm-auto-re-authn on Chrome 112 or later.

For testing purposes, you can reset the 10 minute quiet period by removing browser data.

  1. Navigate to chrome://history.
  2. In the search history box, enter the origin of the RP.
  3. Click the three-dot icon ⋮ and select Remove from history.
  4. Restart Chrome.

Participate in the origin trial

You can also enable the feature on your website by joining the third-party origin trial available from Chrome 112 through Chrome 114.

Origin trials allow you to try new features and give feedback on their usability, practicality, and effectiveness to the web standards community. For more information, see the Origin Trials Guide for Web Developers. To sign up for this or another origin trial, visit the registration page.

To register for the third-party origin trial and activate the feature on third-parties:

  1. Go to the origin trial registration page.
  2. Click the Register button and fill out the form to request a token
  3. Enter the serving origin as Web Origin.
  4. Check Third-party matching to inject the token with JavaScript on other origins.
  5. Click Submit.
  6. Embed the issued token on a third-party.

To embed the token to a third-party, add the following code to your JavaScript library or SDK served from the registered website's origin.

const tokenElement = document.createElement('meta');
tokenElement.httpEquiv = 'origin-trial';
tokenElement.content = 'TOKEN_GOES_HERE';

Replace TOKEN_GOES_HERE with your own token.

Engage and share feedback

If you have feedback or encounter any issues during testing, you can share them at crbug.com under the Blink>Identity>FedCM component.

Photo by Alex Perz on Unsplash