Blob support for IndexedDB landed on Chrome Dev
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Chrome Dev has landed support for Blob on IndexedDB.

This is a long awaited feature for Chrome that allows IndexedDB API to be able to store and retrieve a Blob without converting it to a Base64 string.

IndexedDB provides large scale key-value type persistent storage that is available on most of modern browsers (Safari apparently will land support in iOS8 and Mac OS X 10.10). Check out its implementation status.

Blob is a file-like binary object modern JavaScript engines can handle. File objects inherits from Blob. You can also fetch images and files as Blob via XMLHttpRequest. Check out its implementation status.

Storing a Blob on IndexedDB

There is no way to feature detect the Blob availability in IndexedDB. You basically have to try-catch then use string instead of Blob if it is not available. Here’s some sample code:

// Create an example Blob object
var blob = new Blob(['blob object'], {type: 'text/plain'});

try {
    var store = db.transaction(['entries'], 'readwrite').objectStore('entries');

    // Store the object  
    var req = store.put(blob, 'blob');
    req.onerror = function(e) {
        console.log(e);
    };
    req.onsuccess = function(event) {
        console.log('Successfully stored a blob as Blob.');
    };
} catch (e) {
    var reader = new FileReader();
    reader.onload = function(event) {
        // After exception, you have to start over from getting transaction.
        var store = db.transaction(['entries'], 'readwrite').objectStore('entries');

        // Obtain DataURL string
        var data = event.target.result;
        var req = store.put(data, 'blob');
        req.onerror = function(e) {
            console.log(e);
        };
        req.onsuccess = function(event) {
            console.log('Successfully stored a blob as String.');
        };
    };
    // Convert Blob into DataURL string
    reader.readAsDataURL(blob);
}

Blob support for IndexedDB is already available on Firefox and Internet Explorer as well. Safari support needs to be investigated.

Enjoy!

Authors
Profile photo of Eiji Kitamura

Developer Advocate in Tokyo

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