{# Vars for auth docs %}

Ruby Code Samples

The following code samples, which use the Google APIs Client Library for Ruby, are available for the YouTube Analytics API. You can download these code samples from the ruby folder of the YouTube APIs code sample repository on GitHub.

Authorize a request

The following code sample performs OAuth 2.0 authorization by checking for the presence of a local file that contains authorization credentials. If the file is not present, the script opens a browser and waits for a response, then saves the returned credentials locally.

require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'json'
require 'launchy'
require 'thin'

RESPONSE_HTML = <<stop
<html>
  <head>
    <title>OAuth 2 Flow Complete</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    You have successfully completed the OAuth 2 flow. Please close this browser window and return to your program.
  </body>
</html>
stop

FILE_POSTFIX = '-oauth2.json'

# Small helper for the sample apps for performing OAuth 2.0 flows from the command
# line. Starts an embedded server to handle redirects.
class CommandLineOAuthHelper

  def initialize(scope)
    credentials = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    @authorization = Signet::OAuth2::Client.new(
      :authorization_uri => credentials.authorization_uri,
      :token_credential_uri => credentials.token_credential_uri,
      :client_id => credentials.client_id,
      :client_secret => credentials.client_secret,
      :redirect_uri => credentials.redirect_uris.first,
      :scope => scope
    )
  end

  # Request authorization. Checks to see if a local file with credentials is present, and uses that.
  # Otherwise, opens a browser and waits for response, then saves the credentials locally.
  def authorize
    credentialsFile = $0 + FILE_POSTFIX

    if File.exist? credentialsFile
      File.open(credentialsFile, 'r') do |file|
        credentials = JSON.load(file)
        @authorization.access_token = credentials['access_token']
        @authorization.client_id = credentials['client_id']
        @authorization.client_secret = credentials['client_secret']
        @authorization.refresh_token = credentials['refresh_token']
        @authorization.expires_in = (Time.parse(credentials['token_expiry']) - Time.now).ceil
        if @authorization.expired?
          @authorization.fetch_access_token!
          save(credentialsFile)
        end
      end
    else
      auth = @authorization
      url = @authorization.authorization_uri().to_s
      server = Thin::Server.new('0.0.0.0', 8080) do
        run lambda { |env|
          # Exchange the auth code & quit
          req = Rack::Request.new(env)
          auth.code = req['code']
          auth.fetch_access_token!
          server.stop()
          [200, {'Content-Type' => 'text/html'}, RESPONSE_HTML]
        }
      end

      Launchy.open(url)
      server.start()

      save(credentialsFile)
    end

    return @authorization
  end

  def save(credentialsFile)
    File.open(credentialsFile, 'w', 0600) do |file|
      json = JSON.dump({
        :access_token => @authorization.access_token,
        :client_id => @authorization.client_id,
        :client_secret => @authorization.client_secret,
        :refresh_token => @authorization.refresh_token,
        :token_expiry => @authorization.expires_at
      })
      file.write(json)
    end
  end
end

Retrieve top 10 videos by viewcount

This sample calls the API's reports.query method to retrieve YouTube Analytics data. By default, the report retrieves the top 10 videos based on viewcounts, and it returns several metrics for those videos, sorting the results in reverse order by viewcount. By setting command line parameters, you can use the same code to retrieve other reports as well.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/file_storage'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'
require 'trollop'

# These OAuth 2.0 access scopes allow for read-only access to the authenticated
# user's account for both YouTube Data API resources and YouTube Analytics Data.
YOUTUBE_SCOPES = ['https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.readonly',
  'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/yt-analytics.readonly']
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'
YOUTUBE_ANALYTICS_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtubeAnalytics'
YOUTUBE_ANALYTICS_API_VERSION = 'v1'

def get_authenticated_services
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)
  youtube_analytics = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_ANALYTICS_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_ANALYTICS_API_VERSION)

  file_storage = Google::APIClient::FileStorage.new("#{$PROGRAM_NAME}-oauth2.json")
  if file_storage.authorization.nil?
    client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    flow = Google::APIClient::InstalledAppFlow.new(
      :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
      :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
      :scope => YOUTUBE_SCOPES
    )
    client.authorization = flow.authorize(file_storage)
  else
    client.authorization = file_storage.authorization
  end

  return client, youtube, youtube_analytics
end

def main
  now = Time.new.to_i
  seconds_in_day = 60 * 60 * 24
  seconds_in_week = seconds_in_day * 7
  one_day_ago = Time.at(now - seconds_in_day).strftime('%Y-%m-%d')
  one_week_ago = Time.at(now - seconds_in_week).strftime('%Y-%m-%d')

  opts = Trollop::options do
    opt :metrics, 'Report metrics', :type => String, :default => 'views,comments,favoritesAdded,favoritesRemoved,likes,dislikes,shares'
    opt :dimensions, 'Report dimensions', :type => String, :default => 'video'
    opt 'start-date', 'Start date, in YYYY-MM-DD format', :type => String, :default => one_week_ago
    opt 'end-date', 'Start date, in YYYY-MM-DD format', :type => String, :default => one_day_ago
    opt 'start-index', 'Start index', :type => :int, :default => 1
    opt 'max-results', 'Max results', :type => :int, :default => 10
    opt :sort, 'Sort order', :type => String, :default => '-views'
  end

  client, youtube, youtube_analytics = get_authenticated_services

  begin
    # Retrieve the channel resource for the authenticated user's channel.
    channels_response = client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.channels.list,
      :parameters => {
        :mine => true,
        :part => 'id'
      }
    )

    channels_response.data.items.each do |channel|
      opts[:ids] = "channel==#{channel.id}"

      # Call the Analytics API to retrieve a report. For a list of available
      # reports, see:
      # https://developers.google.com/youtube/analytics/v1/channel_reports
      analytics_response = client.execute!(
        :api_method => youtube_analytics.reports.query,
        :parameters => opts
      )

      puts "Analytics Data for Channel #{channel.id}"

      analytics_response.data.columnHeaders.each do |column_header|
        printf '%-20s', column_header.name
      end
      puts

      analytics_response.data.rows.each do |row|
        row.each do |value|
          printf '%-20s', value
        end
        puts
      end
    end
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main