Each card represents a particular 'page' of your add-on's UI, and navigating to a new card is usually just a matter of creating that card and pushing it onto an internal card stack. You can define navigation flows between cards for a rich interaction experience.
Cards can be non-contextual or contextual. Contextual cards are presented to the user when the host application is in a specific context. For example, when opening a Gmail message or Calendar event. Non-contextual cards (such as homepages) are presented to the user outside of a specific context of the host. For example, when the user is viewing their Gmail inbox, main Drive folder, or calendar.
Google Workspace Add-ons built in Apps Script use the Card service to create user interfaces out of cards. Add-ons built in other languages must return properly formatted JSON for the interface to render as cards.
Each card consists of a header and one or more card sections. Each section is composed of a set of widgets. Widgets display information to the user or provide interaction controls like buttons.
Card-based interfaces have the following benefits:
- No knowledge of HTML or CSS is needed to create card-based interfaces.
- Cards and widgets are automatically styled to work well with the Google Workspace applications they extend.
Card-based interfaces work on both desktop and mobile devices, but you only need to define the interface once.
Creating card-based interfaces
When building card-based add-ons, it's important to understand certain concepts and design patterns. The following guides provide the information you need to build effective card-based add-ons:
- Event objects
- Constructing cards
- Building interactive cards
- Navigating between cards
- Using universal actions
- Adding autocomplete to text inputs
- Accessing user locales and timezones
- Connecting to non-Google services
- Style guide
- Best Practices
Reference these pages when creating cards and implementing UI behavior. You may also find the following additional samples useful to reference when implementing your add-on:
This add-on sample shows a simple Google Workspace Add-on UI with multiple pages and homepages.
This add-on sample shows a Google Workspace Add-on that lets users translate text from within Docs, Sheets, and Slides.
This add-on sample shows a more complex Google Workspace add-on sample, that shows user information about Gmail message recipients, Drive file editors, or Calendar event attendees. You can only use this add-on inside a domain, since it uses the Admin SDK Directory API to retrieve user information.