Use HTML elements for the purposes they were designed for. For example, when
you give the title of a standalone document (such as a book or a movie), mark it
element. For more information about semantic tagging, see the Semantics,
HTML, XHTML, and Structure document on the Brainstorms & Raves site.
The flip side of semantic tagging is that you shouldn't use semantic elements to achieve specific visual results. For example, don't use frames or tables for layout; instead, use your site's standard CSS stylesheet to lay out the page.
Similarly, don't use the heading elements (
<h2>, etc.) to visually style text; use those elements for
hierarchically structured headings, and use CSS for visual style.
element indicates emphasis, not italics per se. Don't use it to italicize
something that isn't meant to be emphasized; use
that. Similarly, the
element indicates strong importance, not boldface per se. To bold a word that
doesn't merit strong importance, use the
Use section elements
Surround each section of a page with opening and closing