Google.Protobuf.CodedInputStream

Reads and decodes protocol message fields.

Summary

This class is generally used by generated code to read appropriate primitives from the stream. It effectively encapsulates the lowest levels of protocol buffer format.

Repeated fields and map fields are not handled by this class; use RepeatedField{T} and MapField{TKey, TValue} to serialize such fields.

Inheritance

Inherits from: IDisposable

Constructors and Destructors

CodedInputStream(byte[] buffer)
Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given byte array.
CodedInputStream(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
Creates a new CodedInputStream that reads from the given byte array slice.
CodedInputStream(Stream input)
Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given stream, which will be disposed when the returned object is disposed.
CodedInputStream(Stream input, bool leaveOpen)
Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given stream.

Properties

IsAtEnd
bool
Returns true if the stream has reached the end of the input.
LastTag
uint
Returns the last tag read, or 0 if no tags have been read or we've read beyond the end of the stream.
Position
long
Returns the current position in the input stream, or the position in the input buffer
ReachedLimit
bool
Returns whether or not all the data before the limit has been read.
RecursionLimit
int
Returns the recursion limit for this stream.
SizeLimit
int
Returns the size limit for this stream.

Public functions

Dispose()
void
Disposes of this instance, potentially closing any underlying stream.
MaybeConsumeTag(uint tag)
bool
Peeks at the next tag in the stream.
PeekTag()
uint
Peeks at the next field tag.
ReadBool()
bool
Reads a bool field from the stream.
ReadBytes()
Reads a bytes field value from the stream.
ReadDouble()
double
Reads a double field from the stream.
ReadEnum()
int
Reads an enum field value from the stream.
ReadFixed32()
uint
Reads a fixed32 field from the stream.
ReadFixed64()
ulong
Reads a fixed64 field from the stream.
ReadFloat()
float
Reads a float field from the stream.
ReadInt32()
int
Reads an int32 field from the stream.
ReadInt64()
long
Reads an int64 field from the stream.
ReadLength()
int
Reads a length for length-delimited data.
ReadMessage(IMessage builder)
void
Reads an embedded message field value from the stream.
ReadSFixed32()
int
Reads an sfixed32 field value from the stream.
ReadSFixed64()
long
Reads an sfixed64 field value from the stream.
ReadSInt32()
int
Reads an sint32 field value from the stream.
ReadSInt64()
long
Reads an sint64 field value from the stream.
ReadString()
string
Reads a string field from the stream.
ReadTag()
uint
Reads a field tag, returning the tag of 0 for "end of stream".
ReadUInt32()
uint
Reads a uint32 field value from the stream.
ReadUInt64()
ulong
Reads a uint64 field from the stream.
SkipLastField()
void
Skips the data for the field with the tag we've just read.

Public static functions

CreateWithLimits(Stream input, int sizeLimit, int recursionLimit)
Creates a CodedInputStream with the specified size and recursion limits, reading from an input stream.

Properties

IsAtEnd

bool IsAtEnd

Returns true if the stream has reached the end of the input.

This is the case if either the end of the underlying input source has been reached or the stream has reached a limit created using PushLimit.

LastTag

uint LastTag

Returns the last tag read, or 0 if no tags have been read or we've read beyond the end of the stream.

Position

long Position

Returns the current position in the input stream, or the position in the input buffer

ReachedLimit

bool ReachedLimit

Returns whether or not all the data before the limit has been read.

Details
Returns

RecursionLimit

int RecursionLimit

Returns the recursion limit for this stream.

This limit is applied whilst reading messages, to avoid maliciously-recursive data.

The default limit is 64.

The recursion limit for this stream.

SizeLimit

int SizeLimit

Returns the size limit for this stream.

This limit is applied when reading from the underlying stream, as a sanity check. It is not applied when reading from a byte array data source without an underlying stream. The default value is 64MB.

The size limit.

Public functions

CodedInputStream

 CodedInputStream(
  byte[] buffer
)

Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given byte array.

CodedInputStream

 CodedInputStream(
  byte[] buffer,
  int offset,
  int length
)

Creates a new CodedInputStream that reads from the given byte array slice.

CodedInputStream

 CodedInputStream(
  Stream input
)

Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given stream, which will be disposed when the returned object is disposed.

Details
Parameters
input
The stream to read from.

CodedInputStream

 CodedInputStream(
  Stream input,
  bool leaveOpen
)

Creates a new CodedInputStream reading data from the given stream.

Details
Parameters
input
The stream to read from.
leaveOpen
true to leave input open when the returned is disposed; false to dispose of the given stream when the returned object is disposed.

Dispose

void Dispose()

Disposes of this instance, potentially closing any underlying stream.

As there is no flushing to perform here, disposing of a CodedInputStream which was constructed with the leaveOpen option parameter set to true (or one which was constructed to read from a byte array) has no effect.

MaybeConsumeTag

bool MaybeConsumeTag(
  uint tag
)

Peeks at the next tag in the stream.

If it matches tag , the tag is consumed and the method returns true; otherwise, the stream is left in the original position and the method returns false.

PeekTag

uint PeekTag()

Peeks at the next field tag.

This is like calling ReadTag, but the tag is not consumed. (So a subsequent call to ReadTag will return the same value.)

ReadBool

bool ReadBool()

Reads a bool field from the stream.

ReadBytes

ByteString ReadBytes()

Reads a bytes field value from the stream.

ReadDouble

double ReadDouble()

Reads a double field from the stream.

ReadEnum

int ReadEnum()

Reads an enum field value from the stream.

ReadFixed32

uint ReadFixed32()

Reads a fixed32 field from the stream.

ReadFixed64

ulong ReadFixed64()

Reads a fixed64 field from the stream.

ReadFloat

float ReadFloat()

Reads a float field from the stream.

ReadInt32

int ReadInt32()

Reads an int32 field from the stream.

ReadInt64

long ReadInt64()

Reads an int64 field from the stream.

ReadLength

int ReadLength()

Reads a length for length-delimited data.

This is internally just reading a varint, but this method exists to make the calling code clearer.

ReadMessage

void ReadMessage(
  IMessage builder
)

Reads an embedded message field value from the stream.

ReadSFixed32

int ReadSFixed32()

Reads an sfixed32 field value from the stream.

ReadSFixed64

long ReadSFixed64()

Reads an sfixed64 field value from the stream.

ReadSInt32

int ReadSInt32()

Reads an sint32 field value from the stream.

ReadSInt64

long ReadSInt64()

Reads an sint64 field value from the stream.

ReadString

string ReadString()

Reads a string field from the stream.

ReadTag

uint ReadTag()

Reads a field tag, returning the tag of 0 for "end of stream".

If this method returns 0, it doesn't necessarily mean the end of all the data in this CodedInputStream; it may be the end of the logical stream for an embedded message, for example.

Details
Returns
The next field tag, or 0 for end of stream. (0 is never a valid tag.)

ReadUInt32

uint ReadUInt32()

Reads a uint32 field value from the stream.

ReadUInt64

ulong ReadUInt64()

Reads a uint64 field from the stream.

SkipLastField

void SkipLastField()

Skips the data for the field with the tag we've just read.

This should be called directly after ReadTag, when the caller wishes to skip an unknown field.

This method throws InvalidProtocolBufferException if the last-read tag was an end-group tag. If a caller wishes to skip a group, they should skip the whole group, by calling this method after reading the start-group tag. This behavior allows callers to call this method on any field they don't understand, correctly resulting in an error if an end-group tag has not been paired with an earlier start-group tag.

Details
Exceptions
InvalidProtocolBufferException
The last tag was an end-group tag
InvalidOperationException
The last read operation read to the end of the logical stream

Public static functions

CreateWithLimits

CodedInputStream CreateWithLimits(
  Stream input,
  int sizeLimit,
  int recursionLimit
)

Creates a CodedInputStream with the specified size and recursion limits, reading from an input stream.

This method exists separately from the constructor to reduce the number of constructor overloads. It is likely to be used considerably less frequently than the constructors, as the default limits are suitable for most use cases.

Details
Parameters
input
The input stream to read from
sizeLimit
The total limit of data to read from the stream.
recursionLimit
The maximum recursion depth to allow while reading.
Returns
A CodedInputStream reading from input with the specified size and recursion limits.