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Die Google Maps JavaScript API aktivieren

Zum Einstieg führen wir Sie durch die Google Developers Console, wo Sie vorab Folgendes tun müssen:

  1. Ein Projekt erstellen oder auswählen
  2. Die Google Maps JavaScript API und zugehörige Dienste aktivieren
  3. Zugehörige Schlüssel erstellen
Weiter

Data Layer: Earthquake data

Default style
Simple style
Advanced style

View the default, simple, or advanced examples full screen or check out the reference documentation for the data layer.



Probieren Sie es selbst aus

Bewegen Sie die Maus oben rechts über den Codeblock, um den Code zu kopieren, oder öffnen Sie ihn in JSFiddle.

Default style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2
  });

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

// [START script-body]
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2
        });

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }
// [END script-body]

    </script>
    <script async defer
        src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Simple style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2
  });

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

  // Add a basic style.
  map.data.setStyle(function(feature) {
    var mag = Math.exp(parseFloat(feature.getProperty('mag'))) * 0.1;
    return /** @type {google.maps.Data.StyleOptions} */({
      icon: {
        path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
        scale: mag,
        fillColor: '#f00',
        fillOpacity: 0.35,
        strokeWeight: 0
      }
    });
  });
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

// [START script-body]
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2
        });

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

        // Add a basic style.
        map.data.setStyle(function(feature) {
          var mag = Math.exp(parseFloat(feature.getProperty('mag'))) * 0.1;
          return /** @type {google.maps.Data.StyleOptions} */({
            icon: {
              path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
              scale: mag,
              fillColor: '#f00',
              fillOpacity: 0.35,
              strokeWeight: 0
            }
          });
        });
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }
// [END script-body]

    </script>
    <script async defer
        src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Advanced style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2,
    styles: mapStyle
  });

  map.data.setStyle(styleFeature);

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}

function styleFeature(feature) {
  var low = [151, 83, 34];   // color of mag 1.0
  var high = [5, 69, 54];  // color of mag 6.0 and above
  var minMag = 1.0;
  var maxMag = 6.0;

  // fraction represents where the value sits between the min and max
  var fraction = (Math.min(feature.getProperty('mag'), maxMag) - minMag) /
      (maxMag - minMag);

  var color = interpolateHsl(low, high, fraction);

  return {
    icon: {
      path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
      strokeWeight: 0.5,
      strokeColor: '#fff',
      fillColor: color,
      fillOpacity: 2 / feature.getProperty('mag'),
      // while an exponent would technically be correct, quadratic looks nicer
      scale: Math.pow(feature.getProperty('mag'), 2)
    },
    zIndex: Math.floor(feature.getProperty('mag'))
  };
}

function interpolateHsl(lowHsl, highHsl, fraction) {
  var color = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    // Calculate color based on the fraction.
    color[i] = (highHsl[i] - lowHsl[i]) * fraction + lowHsl[i];
  }

  return 'hsl(' + color[0] + ',' + color[1] + '%,' + color[2] + '%)';
}

var mapStyle = [{
  'featureType': 'all',
  'elementType': 'all',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'landscape',
  'elementType': 'geometry',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'color': '#fcfcfc'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'water',
  'elementType': 'labels',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'water',
  'elementType': 'geometry',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'hue': '#5f94ff'}, {'lightness': 60}]
}];
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2,
          styles: mapStyle
        });

        map.data.setStyle(styleFeature);

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }

      function styleFeature(feature) {
        var low = [151, 83, 34];   // color of mag 1.0
        var high = [5, 69, 54];  // color of mag 6.0 and above
        var minMag = 1.0;
        var maxMag = 6.0;

        // fraction represents where the value sits between the min and max
        var fraction = (Math.min(feature.getProperty('mag'), maxMag) - minMag) /
            (maxMag - minMag);

        var color = interpolateHsl(low, high, fraction);

        return {
          icon: {
            path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
            strokeWeight: 0.5,
            strokeColor: '#fff',
            fillColor: color,
            fillOpacity: 2 / feature.getProperty('mag'),
            // while an exponent would technically be correct, quadratic looks nicer
            scale: Math.pow(feature.getProperty('mag'), 2)
          },
          zIndex: Math.floor(feature.getProperty('mag'))
        };
      }

      function interpolateHsl(lowHsl, highHsl, fraction) {
        var color = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
          // Calculate color based on the fraction.
          color[i] = (highHsl[i] - lowHsl[i]) * fraction + lowHsl[i];
        }

        return 'hsl(' + color[0] + ',' + color[1] + '%,' + color[2] + '%)';
      }

      var mapStyle = [{
        'featureType': 'all',
        'elementType': 'all',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'landscape',
        'elementType': 'geometry',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'color': '#fcfcfc'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'water',
        'elementType': 'labels',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'water',
        'elementType': 'geometry',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'hue': '#5f94ff'}, {'lightness': 60}]
      }];
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API