GOES-16 MCMIPF Series ABI Level 2 Cloud and Moisture Imagery Full Disk

NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPF
Dataset Availability
2017-07-10T00:00:00 - 2020-12-03T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
ee.ImageCollection("NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPF")
Tags
climate weather abi goes nesdis noaa ospo goes-16 goes-east goes-r mcmip

Description

The Cloud and Moisture Imagery products are all at 2km resolution. Bands 1-6 are reflective. The dimensionless "reflectance factor" quantity is normalized by the solar zenith angle. These bands support the characterization of clouds, vegetation, snow/ice, and aerosols. Bands 7-16 are emissive. The brightness temperature at the Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) is measured in Kelvin. These bands support the characterization of the surface, clouds, water vapor, ozone, volcanic ash, and dust based on emissive properties.

README

Bands

Resolution
2000 meters

Bands

Name Units Min Max Wavelength Description
CMI_C01 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 0.45-0.49µm

Visible - Blue

Daytime aerosol over land, coastal water mapping.

DQF_C01 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C02 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 0.59-0.69µm

Visible - Red

Daytime clouds, fog, insolation, winds

DQF_C02 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C03 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 0.846-0.885µm

Near-IR - Veggie

Daytime vegetation, burn scar, aerosol over water, winds

DQF_C03 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C04 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 1.371-1.386µm

Near-IR - Cirrus

Daytime cirrus cloud

DQF_C04 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C05 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 1.58-1.64µm

Near-IR - Snow/Ice

Daytime cloud-top phase and particle size, snow

DQF_C05 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C06 Reflectance factor 0 1.3 2.225-2.275µm

Near IR - Cloud Particle Size

Daytime land, cloud properties, particle size, vegetation, snow

DQF_C06 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C07 K 197.31 411.86 3.80-4.00µm

Infrared - Shortwave Window

Brightness

DQF_C07 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C08 K 138.05 311.06 5.77-6.6µm

Infrared - Upper-level water vapor

High-level atmospheric water vapor, winds, rainfall

Brightness

DQF_C08 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C09 K 137.7 311.08 6.75-7.15µm

Infrared - Mid-level water vapor

Mid-level atmospheric water vapor, winds, rainfall

Brightness

DQF_C09 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C10 K 126.91 331.2 7.24-7.44µm

Infrared - Lower-level water vapor

Lower-level water vapor, winds, and sulfur dioxide

Brightness

DQF_C10 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C11 K 127.69 341.3 8.3-8.7µm

Infrared - Cloud-top phase

Total water for stability, cloud phase, dust, sulfur dioxide, rainfall

Brightness

DQF_C11 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C12 K 117.49 311.06 9.42-9.8µm

Infrared - Ozone

Total ozone, turbulence, winds

DQF_C12 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C13 K 89.62 341.27 10.1-10.6µm

Infrared - "Clean" longwave window

Surface and clouds

Brightness

DQF_C13 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C14 K 96.19 341.28 10.8-11.6µm

Infrared - Longwave window

Imagery, sea surface temperature, clouds, rainfall

Brightness

DQF_C14 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C15 K 97.38 341.28 11.8-12.8µm

Infrared "Dirty" longwave

Total water, volcanic ash, sea surface temperature

Brightness

DQF_C15 0 4

Data quality flags

CMI_C16 K 92.7 318.26 13.0-13.6µm

Infrared - CO_2 longwave

Air temperature, cloud heights

Brightness

DQF_C16 0 4

Data quality flags

DQF_C01 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C02 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C03 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C04 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C05 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C06 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C07 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C08 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C09 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C10 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C11 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C12 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C13 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C14 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C15 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

DQF_C16 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 ffffff Good pixels
1 ff00ff Conditionally usable pixels
2 0000ff Out of range pixels
3 00ffff No value pixels
4 ffff00 Focal plane temperature threshold exceeded

Image Properties

Image Properties

Name Type Description
CMI_C01_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C01 values

CMI_C01_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C01 values

CMI_C02_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C02 values

CMI_C02_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C02 values

CMI_C03_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C03 values

CMI_C03_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C03 values

CMI_C04_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C04 values

CMI_C04_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C04 values

CMI_C05_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C05 values

CMI_C05_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C05 values

CMI_C06_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C06 values

CMI_C06_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C06 values

CMI_C07_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C07 values

CMI_C07_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C07 values

CMI_C08_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C08 values

CMI_C08_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C08 values

CMI_C09_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C09 values

CMI_C09_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C09 values

CMI_C10_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C10 values

CMI_C10_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C10 values

CMI_C11_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C11 values

CMI_C11_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C11 values

CMI_C12_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C12 values

CMI_C12_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C12 values

CMI_C13_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C13 values

CMI_C13_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C13 values

CMI_C14_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C14 values

CMI_C14_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C14 values

CMI_C15_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C15 values

CMI_C15_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C15 values

CMI_C16_offset DOUBLE

Offset to add to scaled CMI_C16 values

CMI_C16_scale DOUBLE

Scale to multiply with raw CMI_C16 values

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

NOAA data, information, and products, regardless of the method of delivery, are not subject to copyright and carry no restrictions on their subsequent use by the public. Once obtained, they may be put to any lawful use.

Citations

Citations:
  • Bah, Gunshor, Schmit, Generation of GOES-16 True Color Imagery without a Green Band, 2018. doi:10.1029/2018EA000379

  • Product User Guide (PUG) Volume 5, L2+ Products.

  • Schmit, T., Griffith, P., et al, (2016), A closer look at the ABI on the GOES-R series, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98(4), 681-698. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00230.1

Explore in Earth Engine

// Band aliases.
var BLUE = 'CMI_C01';
var RED = 'CMI_C02';
var VEGGIE = 'CMI_C03';
var GREEN = 'GREEN';
// 16 pairs of CMI and DQF followed by Bah 2018 synthetic green.
// Band numbers in the EE asset, 0-based.
var NUM_BANDS = 33;
// Skipping the interleaved DQF bands.
var BLUE_BAND_INDEX = (1 - 1) * 2;
var RED_BAND_INDEX = (2 - 1) * 2;
var VEGGIE_BAND_INDEX = (3 - 1) * 2;
var GREEN_BAND_INDEX = NUM_BANDS - 1;

// Visualization range for GOES RGB.
var GOES_MIN = 0.0;
var GOES_MAX = 0.7;  // Alternatively 1.0 or 1.3.
var GAMMA = 1.3;

var goesRgbViz = {
  bands: [RED, GREEN, BLUE],
  min: GOES_MIN,
  max: GOES_MAX,
  gamma: GAMMA
};

var applyScaleAndOffset = function(image) {
  image = ee.Image(image);
  var bands = new Array(NUM_BANDS);
  for (var i = 1; i < 17; i++) {
    var bandName = 'CMI_C' + (100 + i + '').slice(-2);
    var offset = ee.Number(image.get(bandName + '_offset'));
    var scale =  ee.Number(image.get(bandName + '_scale'));
    bands[(i-1) * 2] = image.select(bandName).multiply(scale).add(offset);

    var dqfName = 'DQF_C' + (100 + i + '').slice(-2);
    bands[(i-1) * 2 + 1] = image.select(dqfName);
  }

  // Bah, Gunshor, Schmit, Generation of GOES-16 True Color Imagery without a
  // Green Band, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018EA000379
  // Green = 0.45 * Red + 0.10 * NIR + 0.45 * Blue
  var green1 = bands[RED_BAND_INDEX].multiply(0.45);
  var green2 = bands[VEGGIE_BAND_INDEX].multiply(0.10);
  var green3 = bands[BLUE_BAND_INDEX].multiply(0.45);
  var green = green1.add(green2).add(green3);
  bands[GREEN_BAND_INDEX] = green.rename(GREEN);

  return ee.Image(ee.Image(bands).copyProperties(image, image.propertyNames()));
};

var collection = 'NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPF/';
var imageName = '2020210184019900000';
var assetId = collection + imageName;
var image = applyScaleAndOffset(assetId);
Map.addLayer(image, goesRgbViz);