Parents: list

Lists a file's parents. Try it now or see an example.

Request

HTTP request

GET https://www.googleapis.com/drive/v2/files/fileId/parents

Parameters

Parameter name Value Description
Path parameters
fileId string The ID of the file.

Authorization

This request requires authorization with at least one of the following scopes:

Scope
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.file
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.readonly
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.metadata.readonly
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.metadata
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.photos.readonly

Some scopes are restricted and require a security assessment for your app to use them. For more information, see the authentication and authorization page.

Request body

Do not supply a request body with this method.

Response

If successful, this method returns a response body with the following structure:

{
  "kind": "drive#parentList",
  "etag": etag,
  "selfLink": string,
  "items": [
    parents Resource
  ]
}
Property name Value Description Notes
kind string This is always drive#parentList.
etag etag The ETag of the list.
items[] list The list of parents.

Examples

Note: The code examples available for this method do not represent all supported programming languages (see the client libraries page for a list of supported languages).

Java

Uses the Java client library.

import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.ParentList;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.ParentReference;

import java.io.IOException;

// ...

public class MyClass {

  // ...

  /**
   * Print a file's parents.
   *
   * @param service Drive API service instance.
   * @param fileId ID of the file to print parents for.
   */
  private static void printParents(Drive service, String fileId) {
    try {
      ParentList parents = service.parents().list(fileId).execute();

      for (ParentReference parent : parents.getItems()) {
        System.out.println("File Id: " + parent.getId());
      }
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.out.println("An error occurred: " + e);
    }
  }

  // ...

}

.NET

Uses the .NET client library.

using Google.Apis.Drive.v2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v2.Data;

// ...

public class MyClass {

  // ...

  /// <summary>
  /// Print a file's parents.
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="service">Drive API service instance.</param>
  /// <param name="fileId">ID of the file to print parents for</param>
  public static void PrintParents(DriveService service, String fileId) {
    ParentsResource.ListRequest request = service.Parents.List(fileId);

    try {
      ParentList parents = request.Execute();

      foreach (ParentReference parent in parents.Items) {
        Console.WriteLine("File Id: " + parent.Id);
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: " + e.Message);
    }
  }

  // ...

}

PHP

Uses the PHP client library.

/**
 * Print a file's parents.
 *
 * @param Google_Service_Drive $service Drive API service instance.
 * @param String $fileId ID of the file to print parents for.
 */
function printParents($service, $fileId) {
  try {
    $parents = $service->parents->listParents($fileId);

    foreach ($parents->getItems() as $parent) {
      print 'File Id: ' . $parent->getId();
    }
  } catch (Exception $e) {
    print "An error occurred: " . $e->getMessage();
  }
}

Python

Uses the Python client library.

from apiclient import errors
# ...

def print_parents(service, file_id):
  """Print a file's parents.

  Args:
    service: Drive API service instance.
    file_id: ID of the file to print parents for.
  """
  try:
    parents = service.parents().list(fileId=file_id).execute()
    for parent in parents['items']:
      print 'File Id: %s' % parent['id']
  except errors.HttpError, error:
    print 'An error occurred: %s' % error

JavaScript

Uses the JavaScript client library.

/**
 * Print a file's parents.
 *
 * @param {String} fileId ID of the file to insert.
 */
function printParents(fileId) {
  var request = gapi.client.drive.parents.list({
    'fileId': fileId
  });
  request.execute(function(resp) {
    for (parent in resp.items) {
      console.log('File Id: ' + resp.items[parent].id);
    }
  });
}

Go

Uses the Go client library.

import (
  "google.golang.org/drive/v2"
  "fmt"
)

// PrintParents displays the parents of a given file
func PrintParents(d *drive.Service, fileId string) error {
  r, err := d.Parents.List(fileId).Do()
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %v\n", err)
    return err
  }
  for _, p := range r.Items {
    fmt.Printf("Folder with ID: %v", p.Id)
  }
  return nil
}

Objective-C

Uses the Objective-C client library.

#import "GTLDrive.h"
// ...

+ (void)printFilesInFolderWithService:(GTLServiceDrive *)service
                               fileId:(NSString *)fileId {
  GTLQueryDrive *query = [GTLQueryDrive queryForParentsListWithFileId:fileId];
  // queryTicket can be used to track the status of the request.
  GTLServiceTicket *queryTicket =
    [service executeQuery:query
        completionHandler:^(GTLServiceTicket *ticket,
                            GTLDriveParentList *parents, NSError *error) {
          if (error == nil) {
            for (GTLDriveParentReference *parent in parents) {
              NSLog(@"File Id: %@", parent.identifier);
            }
          } else {
            NSLog(@"An error occurred: %@", error);
          }
        }];
}

// ...

Try it!

Use the APIs Explorer below to call this method on live data and see the response.