The Local Home SDK enhances your smart home integration with Google Assistant by adding a local fulfillment path to route smart home intents.
Integration of the SDK offers performance improvements to your smart home Action, including lower latency and higher reliability. Local fulfillment is supported for all device types and device traits, except those that use secondary user verification.
Understand how it works
After getting a
from your cloud fulfillment, the Local Home platform scans the user’s
local area network using mDNS, UDP broadcast, or UPnP to discover
smart devices connected to Assistant.
The platform sends an
IDENTIFY intent to determine if the device is
locally controllable, by comparing the device ID in the
to those returned by the earlier
SYNC response. If the detected device is a
hub or bridge, the platform sends a
REACHABLE_DEVICES intent and treats the
hub as the proxy device for communicating locally.
When it receives a response confirming a local device, the platform establishes a local fulfillment path to the user’s Google Home or Google Nest device, and subsequently routes user commands for local fulfillment.
When a user triggers a smart home Action that has a local fulfillment path,
Assistant sends the
QUERY intent to the Google Home or Google Nest device rather than the cloud fulfillment. The device then
runs the local fulfillment app to process the intent.
The Local Home platform is non-deterministic in choosing which Google Home or Google Nest device to
trigger the command. The
QUERY intents may come through any Google Home or Google Nest device
defined in the same Home Graph structure
as the target device.
Local fulfillment app
The local fulfillment app contains the business logic to process the intents sent by the Local Home platform and access your smart device via the local area network. No modification of your hardware is expected to integrate local fulfillment. The app fulfills smart home Action requests by sending control commands to the smart device through application-layer protocols, including HTTP, TCP, or UDP. In the event that the local fulfillment path fails, your cloud fulfilment is used as a fallback execution path.
To support building the app, the Local Home SDK provides these two main classes:
DeviceManager: Provides methods to communicate with smart devices using TCP, UDP sockets, or HTTP requests.
App: Provides methods to attach handlers for intents that Google sends after discovering locally-controllable devices (
REACHABLE_DEVICES). This class also fulfills user commands (
EXECUTE), and answers user queries on current device state (
Report State API is
not currently supported for local fulfillment. Google relies on your
cloud fulfillment to process these requests.
Your local fulfillment app is loaded on demand when the Local Home platform discovers new local devices matching the project scan configuration, or has pending intents to deliver related to a previously identified device.
Google Home or Google Nest devices are memory constrained and your local fulfillment app may be terminated at any time due to memory pressure in the system. This can happen if your app starts to consume too much memory, or if the system needs to make room for another app. The Local Home platform restarts your app only when there are new intents to deliver and sufficient memory resources for the app to run.
The Local Home platform unloads your app after an idle timeout when the user
unlinks their account or there are no longer devices that support local
fulfillment associated with the user's
The Local Home platform executes your local fulfillment app on supported Google Home or Google Nest devices. The following table describes the supported devices, and the runtime used on each device. To learn more about runtime requirements, see Execution environment.
|Google Home Mini||Speaker||Chrome|
|Google Home Max||Speaker||Chrome|
|Nest Hub Max||Display||Chrome|
The execution environment for your local fulfillment app depends on your device. The Local Home platform supports the following runtime environments:
- Chrome: Your local fulfillment app is executed within the context of a Chrome
windowrunning Chrome M80 or later with support for ECMAScript version ES2018.
- Node.js: Your local fulfillment app is executed as a script within a Node.js process running Node v10.x LTS or later with support for ECMAScript version ES2018.
Source code structure
To utilize the Local Home SDK for your smart home integration, you need to perform these tasks:
|1||Set up the scan config||Configure the Actions console with the necessary parameters for the Assistant to discover locally controllable devices.|
|2||Update the SYNC response in your cloud fulfillment||In your cloud fulfillment, modify the
|4||Test and debug your app||Test your integration (or self-certify) by using the test suite for smart home.|
To start using local fulfillment, see Add local fulfillment to your smart home Action.