QueryOptions provides options for post-processing query results based on the needs of your application. You construct the class as the
options in the Query.options argument.
Query is defined in the
QueryOptions provides options for post-processing the results for a specific query. Options include the ability to sort results, control which document fields to return, produce snippets of fields and compute and sort by complex scoring expressions.
If you wish to randomly access pages of search results, you can use an offset:
from google.appengine.api import search ... # get the first set of results page_size = 10 results = index.search(search.Query(query_string='some stuff', search.QueryOptions(limit=page_size)) # calculate pages pages = results.found_count / page_size # user chooses page and hence an offset into results next_page = ith * page_size # get the search results for that page results = index.search(search.Query(query_string='some stuff', search.QueryOptions(limit=page_size, offset=next_page))
For example, the following code fragment requests a search for documents where
first occurs in the
subject field and
good occurs in any field, returning at most 20 documents, requesting the cursor for the next page of results, returning another cursor for the next set of results, sorting by subject in descending order, returning the author, subject, and summary fields as well as a snippeted field content:
... results = index.search(search.Query( query='subject:first good', options=search.QueryOptions( limit=20, cursor=search.Cursor(), sort_options=search.SortOptions( expressions=[ search.SortExpression(expression='subject', default_value='')], limit=1000), returned_fields=['author', 'subject', 'summary'], snippeted_fields=['content'])))
The constructor for class
QueryOptions is defined as follows:
class QueryOptions(limit=20, number_found_accuracy=None, cursor=None, offset=None, sort_options=None, returned_fields=None, ids_only=False, snippeted_fields=None, returned_expressions=None)
Specify options defining search query results..
The limit on number of documents to return in results.
The minimum accuracy requirement for
SearchResults.number_found. If set, remains accurate up to at least that number. For example, when set to 100, any
number_found_accuracy<= 100 is accurate.
A Cursor describing where to get the next set of results, or to provide next cursors in SearchResults.
The offset represents the number of documents to skip in search results. This is an alternative to using a query cursor. It allows random access to the results. Offsets are more expensive (in terms of instance hours) than cursors. You can use either cursor or offset, but not both. Using an offset means that no cursor is returned in
SortOptionsobject specifying a multi-dimensional sort over search results.
An iterable of names of fields to return in search results.
Only return document ids, do not return any fields.
An iterable of names of fields to snippet and return in search result expressions.
An iterable of FieldExpression to evaluate and return in search results.
A new instance of class
If an unknown iterator_options or sort_options is passed.
returned_fieldsare used together.
An instance of class
Query has the following properties:
Returns a limit on number of documents to return in results.
Returns minimum accuracy requirement for SearchResults.number_found.
Returns the cursor for the query.
Returns the number of documents in search results to skip.
Returns a Returns a SortOptions object.
Returns an iterable of names of fields to return in search results.
Returns iterable of field names to snippet and return in results.
Returns iterable of FieldExpression to return in results.