Datos en tiempo real: get

Organízate con las colecciones Guarda y clasifica el contenido según tus preferencias.

Requiere autorización

Devuelve los datos en tiempo real correspondientes a una vista (perfil). Pruébalo ahora o consulta un ejemplo.

Solicitud

Solicitud HTTP

GET https://www.googleapis.com/analytics/v3/data/realtime

Parámetros

Nombre de parámetro Valor Descripción
Parámetros obligatorios
ids string ID de tabla único de la vista (perfil). ID de tabla con el formato ga:XXXX, donde XXXX es el ID de vista (perfil).
metrics string Lista de las métricas de Analytics, por ejemplo, "rt:activeUsers". Se debe especificar una métrica como mínimo.
Parámetros opcionales
dimensions string Lista separada por comas de las dimensiones en tiempo real, por ejemplo, "rt:medium,rt:city".
filters string Lista separada por comas de filtros de dimensiones o de métricas que se aplicarán a los datos en tiempo real.
max-results integer Número máximo de entradas que se incluirán en este feed.
sort string Lista separada por comas de dimensiones o métricas que determinan el orden de clasificación de los datos en tiempo real.

Autorización

Esta solicitud requiere autorización con al menos uno de los ámbitos siguientes. Más información sobre la autenticación y la autorización

Alcance
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/analytics
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/analytics.readonly

Cuerpo de la solicitud

No proporciones un cuerpo de solicitud con este método.

Respuesta

Si se realiza correctamente, este método devuelve un recurso de datos en tiempo real en el cuerpo de la respuesta.

Ejemplos

Nota: Los ejemplos de código disponibles para este método no representan todos los lenguajes de programación admitidos (consulta la página de bibliotecas de cliente para obtener una lista de los lenguajes admitidos).

Java

Utiliza la biblioteca de cliente Java.

/**
 * 1. Create and Execute a Real Time Report
 * An application can request real-time data by calling the get method on the Analytics service object.
 * The method requires an ids parameter which specifies from which view (profile) to retrieve data.
 * For example, the following code requests real-time data for view (profile) ID 56789.
 */

Get realtimeRequest = analytics.data().realtime()
    .get("ga:56789",
         "rt:activeUsers")
    .setDimensions("rt:medium");

try {
  RealtimeData realtimeData = realtimeRequest.execute();
  // Success.

} catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
  // Catch API specific errors.
  handleApiError(e);

} catch (IOException e) {
  // Catch general parsing network errors.
  e.printStackTrace();
}

/**
 * 2. Print out the Real-Time Data
 * The components of the report can be printed out as follows:
 */

private void printRealtimeReport(RealtimeData realtimeData) {
  System.out.println();
  System.out.println("Response:");
  System.out.println("ID:" + realtimeData.getId());
  System.out.println("realtimeData Kind: " + realtimeData.getKind());
  System.out.println();

  printQueryInfo(realtimeData.getQuery());
  printProfileInfo(realtimeData.getProfileInfo());
  printPaginationInfo(realtimeData);
  printDataTable(realtimeData);
}

private void printQueryInfo(Query query) {
  System.out.println("Query Info:");
  System.out.println("Ids: " + query.getIds());
  System.out.println("Metrics: " + query.getMetrics());
  System.out.println("Dimensions: " + query.getDimensions());
  System.out.println("Sort: " + query.getSort());
  System.out.println("Filters: " + query.getFilters());
  System.out.println("Max results: " + query.getMaxResults());
  System.out.println();
}

private void printProfileInfo(ProfileInfo profileInfo) {
  System.out.println("Info:");
  System.out.println("Account ID:" + profileInfo.getAccountId());
  System.out.println("Web Property ID:" + profileInfo.getWebPropertyId());
  System.out.println("Profile ID:" + profileInfo.getProfileId());
  System.out.println("Profile Name:" + profileInfo.getProfileName());
  System.out.println("Table Id:" + profileInfo.getTableId());
  System.out.println();
}

private void printPaginationInfo(RealtimeData realtimeData) {
  System.out.println("Pagination info:");
  System.out.println("Self link: " + realtimeData.getSelfLink());
  System.out.println("Total Results: " + realtimeData.getTotalResults());
  System.out.println();
}

private void printDataTable(RealtimeData realtimeData) {
  if (realtimeData.getTotalResults() > 0) {
    System.out.println("Data Table:");
    for (ColumnHeaders header : realtimeData.getColumnHeaders()) {
      System.out.format("%-32s", header.getName() + '(' + header.getDataType() + ')');
    }
    System.out.println();
    for (List<String> row : realtimeData.getRows()) {
      for (String element : row) {
        System.out.format("%-32s", element);
      }
      System.out.println();
    }
  } else {
    System.out.println("No data");
  }
}

PHP

Utiliza la biblioteca de cliente PHP.

/**
 * 1.Create and Execute a Real Time Report
 * An application can request real-time data by calling the get method on the Analytics service object.
 * The method requires an ids parameter which specifies from which view (profile) to retrieve data.
 * For example, the following code requests real-time data for view (profile) ID 56789.
 */
$optParams = array(
    'dimensions' => 'rt:medium');

try {
  $results = $analytics->data_realtime->get(
      'ga:56789',
      'rt:activeUsers',
      $optParams);
  // Success.
} catch (apiServiceException $e) {
  // Handle API service exceptions.
  $error = $e->getMessage();
}

/**
 * 2. Print out the Real-Time Data
 * The components of the report can be printed out as follows:
 */

function printRealtimeReport($results) {
  printReportInfo($results);
  printQueryInfo($results);
  printProfileInfo($results);
  printColumnHeaders($results);
  printDataTable($results);
  printTotalsForAllResults($results);
}

function printDataTable(&$results) {
  if (count($results->getRows()) > 0) {
    $table .= '<table>';

    // Print headers.
    $table .= '<tr>';

    foreach ($results->getColumnHeaders() as $header) {
      $table .= '<th>' . $header->name . '</th>';
    }
    $table .= '</tr>';

    // Print table rows.
    foreach ($results->getRows() as $row) {
      $table .= '<tr>';
        foreach ($row as $cell) {
          $table .= '<td>'
                 . htmlspecialchars($cell, ENT_NOQUOTES)
                 . '</td>';
        }
      $table .= '</tr>';
    }
    $table .= '</table>';

  } else {
    $table .= '<p>No Results Found.</p>';
  }
  print $table;
}

function printColumnHeaders(&$results) {
  $html = '';
  $headers = $results->getColumnHeaders();

  foreach ($headers as $header) {
    $html .= <<<HTML
<pre>
Column Name       = {$header->getName()}
Column Type       = {$header->getColumnType()}
Column Data Type  = {$header->getDataType()}
</pre>
HTML;
  }
  print $html;
}

function printQueryInfo(&$results) {
  $query = $results->getQuery();
  $html = <<<HTML
<pre>
Ids         = {$query->getIds()}
Metrics     = {$query->getMetrics()}
Dimensions  = {$query->getDimensions()}
Sort        = {$query->getSort()}
Filters     = {$query->getFilters()}
Max Results = {$query->getMax_results()}
</pre>
HTML;

  print $html;
}

function printProfileInfo(&$results) {
  $profileInfo = $results->getProfileInfo();

  $html = <<<HTML
<pre>
Account ID               = {$profileInfo->getAccountId()}
Web Property ID          = {$profileInfo->getWebPropertyId()}
Internal Web Property ID = {$profileInfo->getInternalWebPropertyId()}
Profile ID               = {$profileInfo->getProfileId()}
Profile Name             = {$profileInfo->getProfileName()}
Table ID                 = {$profileInfo->getTableId()}
</pre>
HTML;

  print $html;
}

function printReportInfo(&$results) {
  $html = <<<HTML
  <pre>
Kind                  = {$results->getKind()}
ID                    = {$results->getId()}
Self Link             = {$results->getSelfLink()}
Total Results         = {$results->getTotalResults()}
</pre>
HTML;

  print $html;
}

function printTotalsForAllResults(&$results) {
  $totals = $results->getTotalsForAllResults();

  foreach ($totals as $metricName => $metricTotal) {
    $html .= "Metric Name  = $metricName\n";
    $html .= "Metric Total = $metricTotal";
  }

  print $html;
}

Python

Utiliza la biblioteca de cliente Python.

# 1. Create and Execute a Real Time Report
# An application can request real-time data by calling the get method on the Analytics service object.
# The method requires an ids parameter which specifies from which view (profile) to retrieve data.
# For example, the following code requests real-time data for view (profile) ID 56789.

try:
  service.data().realtime().get(
      ids='ga:56789',
      metrics='rt:activeUsers',
      dimensions='rt:medium').execute()

except TypeError, error:
  # Handle errors in constructing a query.
  print ('There was an error in constructing your query : %s' % error)

except HttpError, error:
  # Handle API errors.
  print ('Arg, there was an API error : %s : %s' %
         (error.resp.status, error._get_reason()))

# 2. Print out the Real-Time Data
# The components of the report can be printed out as follows:

def print_realtime_report(results):
  print '**Real-Time Report Response**'	
  print_report_info(results)
  print_query_info(results.get('query'))
  print_profile_info(results.get('profileInfo'))
  print_column_headers(results.get('columnHeaders'))
  print_data_table(results)
  print_totals_for_all_results(results)

def print_data_table(results):
  print 'Data Table:'
  # Print headers.
  output = []
  for header in results.get('columnHeaders'):
    output.append('%30s' % header.get('name'))
  print ''.join(output)
  # Print rows.
  if results.get('rows', []):
    for row in results.get('rows'):
      output = []
      for cell in row:
        output.append('%30s' % cell)
      print ''.join(output)
  else:
    print 'No Results Found'

def print_column_headers(headers):
  print 'Column Headers:'
  for header in headers:
    print 'Column name           = %s' % header.get('name')
    print 'Column Type           = %s' % header.get('columnType')
    print 'Column Data Type      = %s' % header.get('dataType')

def print_query_info(query):
  if query:
    print 'Query Info:'
    print 'Ids                   = %s' % query.get('ids')
    print 'Metrics:              = %s' % query.get('metrics')
    print 'Dimensions            = %s' % query.get('dimensions')
    print 'Sort                  = %s' % query.get('sort')
    print 'Filters               = %s' % query.get('filters')
    print 'Max results           = %s' % query.get('max-results')

def print_profile_info(profile_info):
  if profile_info:
    print 'Profile Info:'
    print 'Account ID            = %s' % profile_info.get('accountId')
    print 'Web Property ID       = %s' % profile_info.get('webPropertyId')
    print 'Profile ID            = %s' % profile_info.get('profileId')
    print 'Profile Name          = %s' % profile_info.get('profileName')
    print 'Table Id              = %s' % profile_info.get('tableId')

def print_report_info(results):
  print 'Kind                    = %s' % results.get('kind')
  print 'ID                      = %s' % results.get('id')
  print 'Self Link               = %s' % results.get('selfLink')
  print 'Total Results           = %s' % results.get('totalResults')

def print_totals_for_all_results(results):
  totals = results.get('totalsForAllResults')
  for metric_name, metric_total in totals.iteritems():
    print 'Metric Name  = %s' % metric_name
    print 'Metric Total = %s' % metric_total

Pruébalo

Utiliza el siguiente explorador de APIs para llamar a este método con datos en tiempo real y ver la respuesta. También puedes probar el explorador independiente.