Use Analytics in a WebView on Android

Use Analytics in a WebView on Android Calls to log events or set user properties fired from within a WebView must be forwarded to native code before they can be sent to app reports in Google Analytics.

Implement Javascript handler

The first step in using Google Analytics' app reports in a WebView is to create JavaScript functions to forward events and user properties to native code. The following example shows how to do this in a way that is compatible with both Android and iOS native code:
function logEvent(name, params) {
  if (!name) {
    return;
  }

  if (window.AnalyticsWebInterface) {
    // Call Android interface
    window.AnalyticsWebInterface.logEvent(name, JSON.stringify(params));
  } else if (window.webkit
      && window.webkit.messageHandlers
      && window.webkit.messageHandlers.firebase) {
    // Call iOS interface
    var message = {
      command: 'logEvent',
      name: name,
      parameters: params
    };
    window.webkit.messageHandlers.firebase.postMessage(message);
  } else {
    // No Android or iOS interface found
    console.log("No native APIs found.");
  }
}

function setUserProperty(name, value) {
  if (!name || !value) {
    return;
  }

  if (window.AnalyticsWebInterface) {
    // Call Android interface
    window.AnalyticsWebInterface.setUserProperty(name, value);
  } else if (window.webkit
      && window.webkit.messageHandlers
      && window.webkit.messageHandlers.firebase) {
    // Call iOS interface
    var message = {
      command: 'setUserProperty',
      name: name,
      value: value
   };
    window.webkit.messageHandlers.firebase.postMessage(message);
  } else {
    // No Android or iOS interface found
    console.log("No native APIs found.");
  }
}

Implement native interface

To invoke native Android code from JavaScript, implement a class with methods marked @JavaScriptInterface:

public class AnalyticsWebInterface {

    public static final String TAG = "AnalyticsWebInterface";
    private FirebaseAnalytics mAnalytics;

    public AnalyticsWebInterface(Context context) {
        mAnalytics = FirebaseAnalytics.getInstance(context);
    }

    @JavascriptInterface
    public void logEvent(String name, String jsonParams) {
        LOGD("logEvent:" + name);
        mAnalytics.logEvent(name, bundleFromJson(jsonParams));
    }

    @JavascriptInterface
    public void setUserProperty(String name, String value) {
        LOGD("setUserProperty:" + name);
        mAnalytics.setUserProperty(name, value);
    }

    private void LOGD(String message) {
        // Only log on debug builds, for privacy
        if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) {
            Log.d(TAG, message);
        }
    }

    private Bundle bundleFromJson(String json) {
        // ...
    }

}

Once you have created the native interface, register it with your WebView so that it is visible to Javascript code running in the WebView:

// Only add the JavaScriptInterface on API version JELLY_BEAN_MR1 and above, due to
// security concerns, see link below for more information:
// https://developer.android.com/reference/android/webkit/WebView.html#addJavascriptInterface(java.lang.Object,%20java.lang.String)
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN_MR1) {
    mWebView.addJavascriptInterface(
            new AnalyticsWebInterface(this), AnalyticsWebInterface.TAG);
} else {
    Log.w(TAG, "Not adding JavaScriptInterface, API Version: " + Build.VERSION.SDK_INT);
}

Next steps

For a fully functional implementation of Google Analytics’ app reports in a WebView, see the analytics-webview sample.